Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Äldres ensamhet: En kunskapsöversikt
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Older people's loneliness : A literature overview (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Kunskapsöversiktens syfte var att sammanfatta kunskapsläget avseende äldres ensamhet. Studiens frågeställningar var: (1) Vilka faktorer bidrar till upplevd ensamhet hos äldre människor? (2) Finns det skillnader i upplevd ensamhet mellan äldre kvinnor och äldre män? Metod: Att genom en selektiv kunskapsöversikt analysera studiens valda primärdokument utifrån studiens valda teman: rollförlust, hälsa och kön. Studiens primärdokument har sökts i databaserna ProQuest (Social Sciences), Diva och SAGE Journals online och består till största delen av kollegialt granskade forskningsstudier, artiklar och rapporter publicerade under åren 1985-2012. Resultaten i studien har tolkats genom två teorier, livsloppsperspektivet och teorin om gerotranscendens. Resultat: Studiens resultat visade att ensamhetsupplevelser inte är något som skulle kunna sägas vara särskilt framträdande för just äldre människor. För de flesta personer i den tidiga ålderdomen, det vill säga personer som ingår i den så kallade tredje åldern innebar åldrandet en tid av ökad insikt och självförverkligande. Det visade sig även att ensamheten många gånger var självvald och upplevdes som något positiv. För äldre människor som befann sig i den fjärde åldern tenderade dock ensamheten att öka i takt med stigande ålder. Förlust av maka eller make innebar ökade ensamhetskänslor. Ett gott hälsotillstånd samt god fysisk hälsa bidrog på ett positivt sätt för att motverka ensamhetsupplevelsen hos äldre människor. Könsspecifika skillnader gällande upplevd ensamhet hos äldre människor var inte helt entydiga relaterat till studiens primärdokument. Dock redovisades övervägande empiriskt material som visade att äldre kvinnor generellt kan sägas uppleva ensamhet i större utsträckning än äldre män.

Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim of this literature overview was to summarize the state of knowledge regarding the elderly loneliness. Study questions were: (1) Which factors contribute to perceived loneliness in older people? (2) Are there any differences in perceived loneliness among older women and older men? Method: Through a literature overview analyzing selected science based documents by the selected themes: the role of loss, health and gender. The science based documents has been found in the databases ProQuest (Social Sciences), Diva and SAGE Journals Online and are mainly peer-reviewed research studies, articles and reports published between years 1985-2012. The results of the literature overview were interpreted by theories, the Life Course perspective and the theory of Gerotranscendence. Results: The findings show that loneliness is not something particularly prominent for just older people. For most people in early old age, people who are part of the so-called third age, aging is a time of increased awareness and fulfilment. It was also found that loneliness often was self-selected and seen as something positive. Loneliness tended to increase with increasing age for older people who were in the fourth age. Loss of spouse intended to increased loneliness. Overall good health, such as good physical health contributed in a positive way to counteract loneliness experience of older people. Gender-specific differences in the perceived loneliness for older people were not entirely correlated to the selected science based documents. However, predominantly empirical data showed that older women experience loneliness greater than older men.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
loneliness, old, gerontology, elderly, aging
Keyword [sv]
ensamhet, gammal, gerontologi, äldre, åldrande
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-13744Archive number: SGSMK-2012-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-13744DiVA: diva2:601984
Educational program
Social work
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-01-31 Created: 2013-01-30 Last updated: 2013-01-31Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(576 kB)928 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 576 kBChecksum SHA-512
25189ae16cdd9c73c4935805d7936fc95be0d089defcfc6269472ab510112c97b5337dd11ff0b62f22ff5e3002f060b7d66ea39aee161b77894c596059125ac8
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Department of Social Work and Psychology
Social Work

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 928 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 1239 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf