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Vattensväljtest som screening för dysfagi hos vuxna: Normer som funktion av ålder, kön och vattenmängd
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi. (Logopedi)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Logopedi. (Logopedi)
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sväljkapacitet kan skilja sig åt mellan olika åldrar och kön. Detta kan inverka på prestationen på så kallade vattensväljtest. Ingen uttömmande studie har gjorts angående effekt av ålder, kön och vattenmängd på sväljförmåga hos friska vuxna i Sverige. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att presentera normdata för tre olika mått på sväljförmåga: sväljtid, sväljkapacitet och antal klunkar vid 1 respektive 2 dl vatten hos friska vuxna, samt att undersöka effekter av vattenmängd och ålder respektive kön på sväljförmågan. 239 vuxna deltagare stratifierades utifrån ålder och kön. Under testförfarandet noterades sväljtid, antal klunkar samt övriga observanda. Resultatet visade signifikant längre sväljtid, lägre sväljkapacitet och fler klunkar såväl hos individer över 70 år som hos kvinnor. Tydligare skillnader kunde ses med den större vattenmängden. Dessutom framkom att 1 dl vatten inte mäter sekventiell sväljning hos samtliga individer.

Abstract [en]

Swallowing may differ between different age groups and genders. This may affect performance on water swallow tests. So far there have been no comprehensive studies on the effect of age, gender and water volume on the swallowing performance of healthy adults in Sweden. The aim of this study was to present normative data for three different measures of swallowing: swallowing time, swallowing capacity and number of swallows at 100 ml and 200 ml of water in healthy adults, and to examine possible effects on swallowing of age and gender. The 239 adult participants were stratified according to age and gender. During testing, time, number of swallows and a number of deviations were noted. Results showed significantly longer swallowing times, lower swallowing capacity and more swallows both in individuals older than 70 and in women. These differences were greater when using the larger volume of water. Furthermore, results showed that 100 ml of water was insufficient for measuring sequential swallowing in some individuals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 40 p.
Series
Examensarbete i logopedi, 071
Keyword [en]
dysphagia, swallowing disorders, deglutition disorders, swallowing time, swallowing capacity, number of swallows, gender, age, screening, norms
Keyword [sv]
dysfagi, sväljsvårigheter, kön, ålder, sväljtid, sväljkapacitet, klunkar, screening, normer
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-193072OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-193072DiVA: diva2:601258
Subject / course
Speech and Language Pathology
Educational program
Degree of Master of Science in Speech and Language Pathology
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-01-29 Created: 2013-01-29 Last updated: 2013-01-29Bibliographically approved

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