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Anhörigas behov av stöd, när de vårdar vuxna närstående med cancer: en litteraturstudie
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Cancer was the second most common cause of death in Sweden in 2011. As the number of beds in hospitals decreases, numerous severely ill patients receive care at home. This results in family members performing important parts of the caring process. The aim of this study was to describe the caregivers' support needs from healthcare professionals when caring for an adult relative with cancer. A literature review was performed, in which results from empirical studies were reviewed and summarized. The result shows that caregivers need information about the disease and education regarding nursing skills. They also have social needs, such as to participate in decision making concerning treatment alternatives, to be kindly met by healthcare professionals, and to have opportunities for respite. The number of caregivers who suffer from anxiety and depression might indicate the presence of unsatisfied needs, which healthcare professionals could identify early in the care process. By putting focus on the caregivers' needs, healthcare professionals can help them achieve an increased feeling of competence in performing the caring role and possibly promote their sense of health and well-being.

Abstract [sv]

Cancersjukdomar var år 2011 den andra mest förekommande dödsorsaken i Sverige. På grund av minskande antal vårdplatser blir alltfler svårt sjuka vårdade i hemmet, vilket innebär att en stor del av omvårdnaden utförs av anhöriga. Syftet med studien var att beskriva anhörigas behov av stöd från sjukvårdspersonalen vid vård av vuxna närstående med cancer. En allmän litteraturstudie genomfördes där resultat från empiriska studier granskades och sammanställdes. Resultatet visar att anhöriga är i behov av information om sjukdomen och praktisk handledning i omvårdnad. Anhöriga upplever även sociala behov av att få möjlighet till att medverka i beslutfattande gällande behandlingsalternativ, få ett bra bemötande från sjukvårdspersonalen samt få möjlighet till avlastning. En stor mängd anhöriga till närstående som lever med cancer lider av ångest och depression, vilket möjligtvis innebär att det finns otillfredsställda behov som skulle kunna identifieras tidigt i omsorgsprocessen. Med en uppmärksamhet gentemot behoven kan sjukvårdspersonalen bidra till en känsla av ökad kapacitet till vård hos anhöriga och då eventuellt främja deras upplevelse av hälsa och välbefinnande.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 38 p.
Keyword [en]
cancer, caregiver, family, need, home care
Keyword [sv]
cancer, anhörigvårdare, familj, behov, vård i hemmet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hkr:diva-10098OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hkr-10098DiVA: diva2:600897
Educational program
Study Programme in Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-02-20 Created: 2013-01-27 Last updated: 2013-02-20Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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