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Patientens uppfattning av informationen om preoperativ huddesinfektion
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Att undersöka hur patienter på ett universitetssjukhus uppfattar information gällande preoperativ dusch samt patientens genomförande av duschen på avdelningen. Introduktion: Vårdrelaterade infektioner är vanliga och kan leda till ökade kostnader, långvarig sjukhusvistelse och ökad lidande för patienter. Ett sätt att förhindra detta är att duscha med klorhexidin före operation. Det är sjuksköterskans ansvar att informera patienten om den preoperativa duschen, kontrollera att patienten uppfattat informationen och har möjlighet och resurser att följa den. Metod: En kvalitativ deskriptiv intervjustudie med semistrukturerade frågor. Materialet analyserades enligt Granheim och Lundmans beskrivning av innehållsanalys på manifest nivå. Urvalet utfördes genom bekvämlighetsurval. Deltagarna i studien var 12 patienter. Resultat: Deltagarna var övergripande nöjda med informationen om den preoperativa duschen. De kände att de hade fått tillräcklig information och att den var lättförståelig. Patienternas hade uppfattat informationen på olika sätt. Utförandet av duschen, uppfattning om särskilt viktiga delar på kroppen och vad patienterna upplevde som viktigt att tänka på efter duschen varierade. Slutsats: Information måste individanpassas och sjuksköterskan bör se till att patienten förstår informationen genom att be patienten återberätta informationen.

 

Abstract [en]

Aim: To investigate how patients in a university hospital in Sweden perceive the information about the preoperative shower and the patients execution of the shower in the hospital ward. Introduction: Healthcare-associated infections are common and can lead to increased costs, prolonged hospital stay and increased patient suffering. One way to prevent this is to shower with chlorhexidine before surgery. It’s the nurses’ responsibility to give the patient information about the preoperative shower and check that the patient knows about the shower procedure and is able to follow the instructions. Method: A qualitative descriptive interview study with semi-structured questions. The material was analyzed according to Granheim and Lundman's description of content analysis on a manifest level. The selection was carried out by convenience sample. Participants in the study were 12 patients. Results: Participants were overall satisfied with the information about the preoperative shower. They felt they had sufficient information and that it was easy to understand. Patients understood the information in different way. The performance of the shower, the knowledge of key areas of the body and what the patients experienced as important to consider after the shower varied. Conclusion: Information must be individually adapted and the nurse should ensure that the patient understands the information by asking to retell the information.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
Preoperative shower, patient information, surgical site infection, instruction, understanding
Keyword [sv]
Preoperativ dusch, patient information, vårdrelaterad sårinfektion, instruktion, förståelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-192705OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-192705DiVA: diva2:600539
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-01-28 Created: 2013-01-24 Last updated: 2013-01-28Bibliographically approved

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