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Tanzanian nurses’ exposure and experience of violence: A questionnaire study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Tanzanianska sjuksköterskors utsatthet och upplevelse av våld : En frågeformulärsstudie (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Physical and verbal violence within the health care sector, especially towards nurses, is a problem that have been reported from many countries worldwide. 

Aim: The aim of this study was to examine workplace-related violence, and its outcomes, experienced by Tanzanian nurses in a tertiary hospital facility.

Method: This was a descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional study.  The study was carried out in patient wards in a tertiary hospital facility. 54 nurses’ working at a hospital in Tanzania with regular contacts with patients were asked to return a questionnaire, comprising 17 questions with fixed-alternative answers.

Results: Of the 32 participants (59% response rate), 16 nurses reported having experienced physical or verbal violence. The most common type of violence was “verbal threat/aggression” (n = 11) and the most common source of aggression was from “patient relative/visitor” (n = 9).

Conclusion: The main findings of this study confirmed that workplace-related violence towards nurses’ did occur in the hospital where the study took place. The results are supported by existing research and literature that workplace-related violence is a worldwide problem. Education and awareness regarding violence prevention as a part of nursing education could help preventing workplace-related violence.

Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Våld i fysisk eller psykisk form är inom hälso- och sjukvårdssektorn, speciellt riktat mot sjuksköterskor, ett problem som rapporterats från flertalet länder över hela världen.

Mål: Målet med denna studie var att utforska arbetsplatsrelaterat våld och upplevda utfall av dessa hos sjuksköterskor på ett referenssjukhus i Tanzania.

Metod: Detta var en deskriptiv, retrospektiv, tvärsnittsstudie. Den utfördes på vårdavdelningar på ett referenssjukhus. 54 sjuksköterskor med regelbunden patientkontakt som arbetade på KCMC tillfrågades om att fylla i en enkät innehållandes 17 frågor med valbara alternativ. 

Resultat: Utav de 32 deltagarna (59% svarsfrekvens) hade 16 sjuksköterskor rapporterat att ha upplevt psykiskt eller fysiskt våld. Majoriteten av sjuksköterskorna rapporterade typen av våld som verbalt (n = 11) och den vanligaste källan av våld var patientens närstående (n = 9).

Slutsats: De huvudsakliga fynden från denna studie var att våld riktat mot sjuksköterskor på arbetsplatsen förkom på sjukhuset där studien utfördes. Resultaten i denna studie stämmer överens med redan existerande forskning och stöder teorin om att detta fenomen är globalt. För att förhindra arbetsplatsrelaterat våld bör utbildning rörande våldsprevention ingå i sjuksköterskors utbildning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
Nurse, violence, questionnaire, health care, Tanzania.
Keyword [sv]
Sjuksköterska, våld, enkät, sjukvård, Tanzania.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-192601OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-192601DiVA: diva2:600362
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-01-28 Created: 2013-01-23 Last updated: 2013-01-28Bibliographically approved

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