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HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination among Vietnamese adolescents – A quantitative study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
HIV/AIDS-relaterad stigma och diskriminering bland vietnamesiska ungdomar - En kvantitativ studie (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Vietnam is said to be the country with the fastest growing HIV epidemic in Asia. HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination are factors that affect the HIV-epidemic negatively. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination among Vietnamese adolescents. The aim was also to investigate the differences between genders, and between adolescents in an urban area versus a rural area in Ho Chi Minh City about these issues.

Method: A cross-sectional study using a structured questionnaire containing four domains: 1. "Fear of transmission and disease", 2. "Association with shame, blame and judgment", 3. "Personal support of discriminatory actions or policies", 4. "Perceived community support of discriminatory actions or policies”. The study was carried out at two high schools in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. A convenience sample was used. Out of the total number of 797 who filled in the questionnaire, 400 were used with 200 from each high school.

Results: The majority had heard about HIV/AIDS and about a fifth knew someone living with HIV/AIDS. In domain 2 the majority (87.0 %) considered that people living with HIV/AIDS should be given treatment and care, only if they stop participating in immoral or illicit activities. More male than female adolescents, as well as more adolescents in urban area than rural area, agreed to this. In domain 4 more male than female adolescents in the urban area reported that people living with HIV/AIDS in this community face verbal abuse or teasing. In the same domain, more adolescents living in the urban area than those in the rural area reported that people living with HIV/AIDS in this community face neglect from their family and rejection from their peers.

Conclusion: HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination exists among Vietnamese adolescents. The healthcare should be aware of this matter when providing health education to adolescents and planning intervention programs in order to prevent this issue. 

Abstract [sv]

Introduktion: Vietnam sägs vara landet med den snabbaste växande HIV-epidemin i Asien. HIV/AIDS-relaterad stigma och diskriminering är faktorer som påverkar HIV-epidemin negativt. Syfte: Syftet med föreliggande arbete var att undersöka HIV/AIDS-relaterad stigma och diskriminering bland vietnamesiska ungdomar. Syftet var också att undersöka skillnaderna mellan könen och mellan ungdomar i staden och på landsbygden i Ho Chi Minh City. Metod: En tvärsnittsstudie med en strukturerad enkät innehållande 4 domäner; 1. ”Rädsla för smittöverföring och sjukdom”, 2. "Association med skam, skuld och dom", 3. ”Personligt stöd till diskriminerande åtgärder eller principer”, 4. "Upplevelse av samhällets inverkan av diskriminerande åtgärder eller politik". Studien utfördes vid två gymnasieskolor i Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Ett bekvämligheturval användes. Av det totala antalet 797 elever som fyllde i enkäten, var det 400 som användes med 200 från vardera gymnasieskola.

Resultat: Majoriteten av studenterna hade hört talas om HIV/AIDS och cirka en femtedel kände någon som lever med HIV/AIDS. I domän 2 ansåg majoriteten (87,0%) att de som lever med HIV/AIDS bör ges vård och behandling, bara om de slutar att delta i omoraliska eller olagliga aktiviteter. Fler manliga än kvinnliga ungdomar, samt fler ungdomar i staden än de på landsbygden, instämde i detta. I domän 4 trodde fler manliga än kvinnliga ungdomar i stadsområdet att människor som lever med HIV/AIDS utsätts för verbal misshandel eller blir retade. I samma domän rapporterade fler ungdomar som bor i staden än de på landsbygden att människor som lever med HIV/AIDS blir utsatta för vanvård av sina familjer och utstötta av sina kamrater.

Slutsats: HIV/AIDS-relaterad stigma och diskriminering förekommer bland vietnamesiska ungdomar. Vården bör vara medveten om detta problem när de ger hälsoupplysning till ungdomar och planerar interventionsprogram för att förebygga problemet. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 33 p.
Keyword [en]
HIV/AIDS, Stigma, Discrimination, Adolescent, Vietnam
Keyword [sv]
HIV/AIDS, Stigma, Diskriminering, Ungdom, Vietnam
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-192521OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-192521DiVA: diva2:598229
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-01-22 Created: 2013-01-22 Last updated: 2013-01-22Bibliographically approved

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