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Musik som omvårdnadsåtgärd i samband med operation: en litteraturstudie
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Att undersöka hur musik som omvårdnadsåtgärd påverkar patienten fysiskt och psykiskt pre-, peri- och postoperativt. Metod: Deskriptiv litteraturstudie. 12 artiklar inkluderades som granskades, analyserades och sammanställdes. Sökningarna utfördes i databaserna PubMed och Cinahl. Huvudresultat: Resultatet visade att musik i samband med operation påverkar patienten både fysiskt och psykiskt på flera olika sätt. Musik lindrar framförallt oro och minskar smärtupplevelsen. Viss påverkan kunde ses på vitala parametrar såsom minskning av puls, blodtryck och andningsfrekvens. Stressreaktionen i kroppen påverkas också till viss del genom att kortisolnivån minskar av musiklyssnande. Musik kan också reducera depression i samband med operation. Slutsats: Musik påverkar faktorerna oro, smärta, stress, vitala parametrar och depression positivt hos patienter pre-, peri- och postoperativt. Musik som omvårdnadsåtgärd i samband med operation kan vara ett bra komplement för sjuksköterskan att använda sig av i omvårdnadsarbetet för att lindra patientens lidande. 

Abstract [en]

Aim: To examine how music as a nursing intervention affects the patient physically and mentally pre-, peri-and postoperatively. Method: Descriptive study. 12 articles were included that were examined, analyzed and summarized. The searches were conducted in PubMed and Cinahl. Results: The results showed that music associated with surgery affects patients both physically and psychologically in various ways. Music soothes especially anxiety and reduces pain. Some effects could be seen on vital parameters such as reduction of heart rate, blood pressure and respiratory rate. The stress response in the body is also affected to some extent by cortisol level decreases when listening to music. Music can also reduce depression associated with surgery. Conclusion: Music have a positive effect on the factors of anxiety, pain, stress, vital parameters and depression in patients pre-, peri-and postoperatively. Music as a nursing intervention associated with surgery can be a good addition for the nurse to use in the nursing process to relieve the patient's suffering.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
Music, preoperative, perioperative, postoperative, anxiety.
Keyword [sv]
Musik, preoperativ, perioperativ, postoperativ, oro.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hig:diva-13677OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hig-13677DiVA: diva2:596177
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-01-30 Created: 2013-01-21 Last updated: 2013-01-30Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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