Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies specific for bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI-ANCA) are frequent in CF patients and mainly develop in response to infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It is not known to what extent BPI-ANCA correlates to prognosis.
To evaluate the prognostic value of IgA-BPI-ANCA, measured at the beginning of the study, for transplantation-free survival.
A cohort of 46 adult, nontransplanted CF patients was generated, 1995–1998, and characterized using Leeds criteria, lung function, and IgA-BPI-ANCA levels measured by ELISA. The cohort was followed until December 2009, using the combined endpoint of death or lung transplantation.
Lung function and IgA-BPI-ANCA, but not Leeds criteria, were significantly associated with adverse outcome. No patient with normal lung function at baseline reached endpoint. Within 10 years 8/11 with high BPI-ANCA reached an endpoint compared to 3/17 ANCA-negative patients. A similar result was seen within the Leeds I group where 7 out of 9 BPI-ANCA-positive patients reached endpoint, compared to none of the 5 patients without BPI-ANCA.
IgA-BPI-ANCA is associated with adverse outcome among Pseudomonas aeruginosa infected CF patients, suggesting that BPI-ANCA is a biomarker of an unfavourable host-pathogen interaction
Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2012. no 370107