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Barn som bevittnat våld i hemmet: En studie ur kuratorers perspektiv
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Children that witnessed domestic violence : A study from counselors' perspective (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur skolkuratorer uppmärksammar barn som bevittnat våld i hemmet samt hur barnpsykiatrikuratorer uppfattar att barnen påverkas av detta. Vi har valt att använda en kvalitativ metod och samlat in material från respondenterna genom semistrukturerade intervjuer. Enligt tidigare forskning kan barn påverkas negativt av att bevittna våld i hemmet, vilket visas genom inåtagerande eller utåtagerande beteende samt genom att barnet upplever somatiska besvär. Resultatet från respondenterna överensstämmer till stor del med forskningen gällande hur barnen visar att de inte mår bra samt hur de kan påverkas både kort- och långsiktigt.

Slutsatserna för denna studie är att barnen oftast uppmärksammas av skolkuratorer genom att en lärare eller skolsköterska gör dem medvetna om att ett barn har problem, samt att en empatisk kurator i en inbjudande miljö skapar trygghet för barnen. Det behövs dessutom mer resurser vid vidarehänvisning av barnen, för att de skall få nödvändigt stöd och skydd. Ytterligare slutsatser är att det inte finns några specifika signaler som barnen uppvisar vid den här problematiken, utan det kan vara inåtagerande likväl som utåtagerande signaler, samt psykosomatiska signaler. Barnen kan få både kort- och långsiktiga symtom i form av till exempel koncentrationssvårigheter, aggressivitet och passivitet.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to research how school counselors note children that has witnessed domestic violence and how child psychiatry counselors perceive that children are affected by this. We have chosen to use a qualitative method and collect material from respondents through semi-structured interviews. According to previous research children can be adversely affected by witnessing domestic violence, as shown by the inward or outward behavior, and by the child experiencing somatic pains. The result from the respondents comply largely with the research regarding how children show that they aren’t doing well and how they can be affected both short and long term.

The conclusions of this study show that children often are encountered by school counselors through a teacher or school nurse making them aware of a child that has problems, and that an empathetic counselor in an inviting environment creates security for the children. At times of referring the children further for necessary support and protection, there is a need for more resources. Further conclusions are that there are no specific signals that children exhibit at this problem, but it can be inward as well as outward behavior signals, as well as psychosomatic signals. The children can have both short and long term symptoms such as, for example, concentration difficulties, aggression and passivity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 33 p.
Keyword [en]
children, consequences of violence, counselor, domestic violence, witness violence
Keyword [sv]
bevittna våld, barn, kurator, våld i hemmet, våldets konsekvenser
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-26939ISRN: ORUJPS/SAR-GY-2013/0044OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-26939DiVA: diva2:589696
Subject / course
Socialt arbete, (socionomutb)
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2013-09-06 Created: 2013-01-18 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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