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Upplevelsen av att bli diagnostiserad med ADHD i vuxen ålder: En kvalitativ sociologisk studie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Abstract

We have chosen to examine how it can be to be diagnosed with ADHD in adults. Our purpose of this study was to examine the experience of being diagnosed with ADHD in adulthood. We wanted to investigate if people feel that the diagnosis has led to a change and if so, in what way. We also wanted to investigate the impact that the participants attribute the diagnosis. We have made a qualitative study in which we interviewed five men aged 31-45 years, who have all had their diagnosis for a year or more. We have analyzed our material from our theoretical premises, which has been the SOC and Stigma theory.

Our results demonstrate that the people we interviewed, to some extent have experienced a change in their lives as a result of the diagnosis of ADHD. The diagnosis has worked for them as an explanation for their difficulties and as an opportunity to get support and help, such as medication. Some of those we interviewed also felt that the diagnosis has had a negative impact on their lives by an unsympathetic environment and a sense of being different. The people we interviewed attributed the diagnosis of great importance because it contributed to an explanation of their difficulties, as well as access to support and help, and secondly that they believe they have been a different situation if they had been diagnosed as a child.

We do not want to draw any general conclusions from the results we obtained in the study, but we can see that the people we interviewed told us about a higher degree of comprehensibility and manageability after being diagnosed with ADHD. We do not see that they experienced an increased sense of purpose after they were diagnosed with ADHD, which is why we can´t say if they have received an increased SOC in its entirety as a result of the diagnosis. We also see that for some has been a stigma attached to being diagnosed with ADHD, while others describe it as a stigma of living with ADHD problems without knowing the cause of it.

Keywords: ADHD, SOC, stigma, adult men, experience of diagnosis

Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning 

Vi har valt att undersöka hur det kan vara att bli diagnostiserad med ADHD för vuxna personer. Vårt syfte med studien har varit att undersöka upplevelsen av att bli diagnostiserad med ADHD i vuxen ålder. Vi ville undersöka om personerna upplever att diagnostiseringen har lett till en förändring och i så fall på vilket sätt. Vi ville också undersöka vilken betydelse personerna tillskriver diagnosen. Vi har gjort en kvalitativ studie där vi intervjuat fem män i åldrarna 31-45 år, som alla har haft sin diagnos i ett år eller mer. Vi har analyserat vårt material utifrån våra teoretiska utgångspunkter, som har varit KASAM och Stigmateorin.

Studiens resultat visar att de personer som vi har intervjuat till viss del har upplevt en förändring i sina liv till följd av diagnostiseringen av ADHD. Diagnosen har för dessa fungerat som en förklaring till deras svårigheter och som en möjlighet att få stöd och hjälp, exempelvis genom medicinering. En del av de vi har intervjuat upplever också att diagnosen har haft en negativ påverkan på deras liv genom en oförstående omgivning och genom en känsla av att vara annorlunda. De personer vi intervjuat tillskriver diagnosen en stor betydelse, dels då den bidragit till en förklaring på deras svårigheter, dels som en tillgång till stöd och hjälp och dels att de tror sig ha haft en annan livssituation om de blivit diagnostiserade som barn. 

Vi vill inte dra några generella slutsatser utifrån de resultat som vi fått i studien men vi kan se att de personer som vi intervjuat har berättat om en högre grad av begriplighet och hanterbarhet efter att de blivit diagnostiserade med ADHD. Vi ser dock inte att de upplever någon ökad känsla av meningsfullhet efter att de diagnostiserats med ADHD, varför vi inte kan uttala oss om de har fått en ökad KASAM i sin helhet till följd av diagnostiseringen. Vi ser också att det för vissa har varit stigmatiserande att bli diagnostiserad med ADHD, samtidigt som andra beskriver det som stigmatiserande att leva med ADHD-problematik utan att veta orsaken till den.

Nyckelord: ADHD, KASAM, stigma, vuxna män, upplevelse av diagnos

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 44 p.
Keyword [sv]
ADHD, KASAM, stigma, vuxna män, upplevelse av diagnos
National Category
Social Work Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-192356OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-192356DiVA: diva2:589653
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-01-29 Created: 2013-01-18 Last updated: 2013-01-29Bibliographically approved

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