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Lära för framtiden: Transfer i teknisk yrkesutbildning
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3440-8074
2013 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
Learning for the Future : Transfer in Technical Vocational Education (English)
Abstract [sv]

Den här avhandlingen handlar om transfer i relation till tekniklärande och teknisk yrkesutbildning. Transfer är centralt för all utbildning och att kunna använda och bygga vidare på tidigare kunskaper och erfarenheter i nya situationer är nödvändigt i ett föränderligt samhälle med en snabb teknisk utveckling.

Syftet med avhandlingen är att studera transfer ur ett erfarenhetsperspektiv. Avhandlingen grundar sig i ett livsvärldsfenomenologiskt perspektiv. Elevers, lärares och handledares erfarenheter av undervisning och lärande är en central utgångspunkt. I tre av avhandlingens delstudier fokuseras berättelser om teknisk gymnasial yrkesutbildning som lärlingsutbildning och i den fjärde delstudien fokuseras hur uppgifter av teoretisk och praktisk karaktär erfars och hanteras i teknikundervisningen i grundskolan. 

Resultaten visar på behovet av lärande i olika arenor och behovet av ett holistiskt lärande där teori och praktik hanteras integrerat. Eleverna behöver erbjudas en variation av erfarenheter från olika arenor och flera arbetsplatser, där lärare och handledare skapar förutsättningar för reflektion i relation till den praktiska erfarenheten. Något som också starkt betonas är ett fungerande samarbete mellan skola och arbetsplatser i yrkesutbildning.

Abstract [en]

This thesis concerns transfer in relation to teaching and learning with technical content and technical vocational education. Transfer of learning is fundamental, since no one can predict the future, and education cannot possibly cover all content that pupils will need in the future. What you learn in different contexts needs to be useful in new unknown contexts, where technology may have developed or the problems to solve might be different.  

The aim of this thesis is to study experiences of transfer in order to deepen the understanding of transfer and factors for transfer. A further aim is to contribute with knowledge about how theory and practice are handled and experienced in relation to learning with technical content and to learning in different arenas.

The theoretical framework is the phenomenology of the life-word and the lived and experienced world is put in focus. Therefore, pupils, teachers and supervisors in technical vocational education in Swedish upper secondary school have been interviewed about their experiences of teaching and learning, and their narratives have been analysed. One of the studies in the thesis also concerns how theoretical and practical tasks are handled and experienced in technology education in Swedish compulsory school. 

The results show that different experiences from different learning arenas are important for the students’ learning during the education, but also that the teachers and the supervisors have an important role in connecting those experiences and creating possibilities for students to reflect on the experiences. According to the results in this thesis, teacher education could emphasise 1) the importance of helping students reflect upon and make connections between experiences made in different arenas and 2) the importance of interweaving theory and practice in education. Learning can thereby go beyond the learning situation and also be useful in future unknown situations, with new technical developments.   

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2013. , 94 p.
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2013:4
Series
Studies in Science and Technology Education, ISSN 1652-5051 ; 65
Keyword [en]
Analysis of narratives, Phenomenology of the life-world, Technical education, Theory and practice, Transfer, Vocational education
Keyword [sv]
Analys av berättelser, livsvärldsfenomenologi, teknikdidaktik, teori och praktik, transfer, yrkesutbildning
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-16378ISBN: 978-91-7063-478-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-16378DiVA: diva2:589187
Public defence
2013-03-15, 21A 244, Ljungbergssalen, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

 

Available from: 2013-02-21 Created: 2013-01-15 Last updated: 2014-12-09Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. The Importance of Interweaving Theoretical and Practical Tasks in Technology education
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Importance of Interweaving Theoretical and Practical Tasks in Technology education
2008 (English)In: Exploring technology education: solutions to issues in a globalised world : proceedings of the 5th Biennial International Conference on Technology Education Research held at the Crowne Plaza Surfers Paradise, Australia, 27-29 November 2008, Griffith University , 2008, 27-34 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Griffith University, 2008
National Category
Information Systems Materials Engineering Pedagogical Work
Research subject
Information Systems; Materials Engineering; Educational Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-24520 (URN)9781921291548 (ISBN)
Conference
The 5th Biennial International Conference on Technology Education Research
Available from: 2013-01-22 Created: 2013-01-22 Last updated: 2014-12-09Bibliographically approved
2. Transfer of knowledge in technical vocational education: A narrative study in Swedish upper secondary school
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transfer of knowledge in technical vocational education: A narrative study in Swedish upper secondary school
2013 (English)In: International journal of technology and design education, ISSN 0957-7572, E-ISSN 1573-1804, Vol. 23, no 3, 519-535 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In vocational education, teaching and learning are expected to take place in the different learning arenas; schools and workplaces. In such a dual school system, the question of transfer is vital, i.e. how to use knowledge learned in previous situations in new situations. This article is an empirical contribution to research concerning transfer, by means of results from semi-structured group interviews with teachers and supervisors who educate students in the Energy program and the Industry program in Swedish upper secondary school. The interviews were analysed by analyses of narratives. The results show four themes of transfer in the interviews: (1) transfer of basic knowledge, (2) transfer of principles and skills, (3) transfer of written materials and real life and (4) transfer of experiences. The results also show three factors that are crucial in order to create possibilities for transfer: (1) communication, (2) financial resources and (3) reflection. These factors demand close cooperation between the teachers and supervisors during the students’ vocational education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2013
Keyword
Analysis of narratives, Phenomenology of the life-world, Technical oriented education, Transfer, Upper secondary school, Vocational education
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
Educational Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-16366 (URN)10.1007/s10798-012-9201-0 (DOI)000323672000003 ()
Available from: 2013-01-15 Created: 2013-01-15 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
3. Experiences of theory and practice in technical vocational education
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experiences of theory and practice in technical vocational education
2013 (English)In: Transfer, transitions and transformations in technology education and beyond / [ed] L. Baartman & H. Middleton, 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-16377 (URN)
Note

This article/book is not yet published.

Available from: 2013-01-15 Created: 2013-01-15 Last updated: 2014-12-09Bibliographically approved
4. Students’ experiences of factors for transfer in technical vocational education: A narrative study in Swedish upper secondary school
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Students’ experiences of factors for transfer in technical vocational education: A narrative study in Swedish upper secondary school
2012 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In technical vocationaleducation, carried out both in school and as workplace training, it isimportant to study how the different learning arenas contribute to the students’learning and how the students can build further on their previous knowledge andlearn for an unknown future. This research therefore provides empirical resultsfrom the learners’ point of view. This article concerns students’ experiencesof factors for transfer in the different learning arenas during technicalvocational education in Swedish upper secondary school. The research questionexamined is: What factors for transferappear in students’ narratives of learning at school and workplaces intechnical vocational education? Theory and method in this study refer tophenomenology of the life-world and narrative tradition. Interviews withstudents were conducted in two different vocational programs: the Energy andIndustry programs. Through an analysis of narratives, three different factorsfor transfer were identified: Learning atschool, Practical experiences and Holisticlearning. The results display how teachers and supervisors could supportstudents in achieving transfer, the students’ need for theoretical knowledgeabout the learning objects, as well as improving learning through variation inlearning arenas and situations.

Keyword
Analysis of narratives, Phenomenology of the life-world, Students' Experiences, Technical vocational education, Transfer, Upper secondary school
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-16367 (URN)
Available from: 2013-01-15 Created: 2013-01-15 Last updated: 2015-12-29Bibliographically approved

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