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Hälso- och sjukvårdspersonals erfarenhet av stick- och skärskada i arbetet
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka omständigheterna kring stick- eller skärskada på kontaminerat material i arbetet hos sjukvårdspersonal, hur de agerat i och efter situationen samt deras reaktioner och tankar i samband med händelsen. 

Metod: Med hjälp av en enkät gjordes ett stickprov på 50 personer, som besökte en infektionsmottagning i Mellansverige.

Resultat: De flesta som skadat sig var sjuksköterskor och de erhöll skadan under ett arbetspass på dagen på en vårdavdelning. Situationen var oftast planerad och gällde en vuxen, vaken och samarbetsvillig patient och incidenten uppkom bland annat på grund av oaktsamhet av personalen med materialet. En icke sticksäker injektionskanyl eller en sticksäker provtagningskanyl var de material som i flest fall orsakat skadan. Hälften av deltagarna upplevde att de var stressade i situationen. Hälften kände sig lite eller ganska oroliga över händelsen och många kommenterade händelsen med känslomässigt starka uttryck. Många ansåg att händelsen var deras eget fel.

Slutsats: Skadan uppkom under vanliga arbetsförhållanden och även då ”sticksäkra” kanyler användes. Studien visar att en stickskada lätt kan hända. Detta måste beaktas i undervisning av sjuksköterskor och annan sjukvårdspersonal. Sjuksköterskor ska uppmärksamma detta problem och arbeta preventivt så incidensen minskar.

Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the circumstances surrounding among needle-stick- or sharp injuries on contaminated materials in the work of the medical staff, the way they acted and the situation as well as their reactions and thoughts related to the event. Methods: Using a questionnaire, a sample of 50 people who visited an infectious disease clinic in central Sweden. Results: Most of those injured were nurses and they received the injury during a session of the day on a ward. The situation was usually planned and was an adult, awake and cooperative patient and incident arose partly because of the negligence of the staff with the material. A non-stick safe injection needle or a safe sampling needle caused most of the damage. Half of the participants felt that they were stressed in the situation. Half felt somewhat or very concerned about the incident and many commented on the event with strong emotional expression. Many felt that the event was their own fault. Conclusion: The injury occurred during normal working conditions and even then stick safe needles were used. The study shows that a needle-stick injury can easily happen. This must be considered in the education of nurses and other health professionals. Nurses should pay attention to this problem and work preventively to reduce the incidence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 25 p.
Keyword [sv]
stickskada, arbetsmiljö, känslor
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-191913OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-191913DiVA: diva2:588474
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-15 Last updated: 2013-01-21Bibliographically approved

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