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Postpartum depression hos fäder -Bakomliggande orsaker samt påverkan på familjen och barnet
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Human Sciences, Department of Health Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Postpartum depression har länge förknippats med moderskap, men drygt 10 % av papporna drabbas också av depression efter barnets födelse. Syfte. Belysa begreppet postpartum depression hos fäder. Metod: Systematisk litteraturstudie som bearbetat och analyserat kvantitativ samt kvalitativ forskning genom en innehållsanalys. Resultat: Orsakerna till postpartum depression hos fäder var främst psykologiska och sociala faktorer där mammans eventuella depression, pappans arbetslöshet och en ansträngd ekonomi samt pappans upplevelse av bristande socialt stöd utgjorde de viktigaste orsakerna. Depressionen påverkade pappans anknytning till barnet, hela familjen och föräldraskapet samt barnets emotionella, kognitiva och sociala utveckling negativt. Slutsats: Postpartum depression hos pappan orsakas av sociodemografiska, psykiska och sociala faktorer. Depressionen påverkar familjen, parrelationen, föräldraskapet samt barnets kognitiva och sociala utveckling negativt. Den kunskap litteraturstudien bidrar till ger ökade möjligheter att uppmärksamma postpartum depression hos pappan, stödja familjen samt bidra till en fördelaktig utveckling för barnet. Framtida forskning bör ske med syfte att hitta lämpliga metoder och bedömningsinstrument utformade för att identifiera pappor med risk att utveckla en depression.

Abstract [en]

Background: Postpartum depression have for a long time been associated with motherhood, but more than 10 % of fathers also get a depression after their child's birth. Aim: Elucidate the concept of paternal postpartum depression. Method: A systematic literature study who processed both quantitative and qualitative research, analyzed with a content analysis. Results: The causes of paternal postpartum depression where mostly psychological and social factors were the mother´s depression, the father’s unemployment and a strained economy together with the father´s experience of lack of social support seemed to be the most important risk factors. Paternal postpartum depression affected the father’s attachment to his child, family, parenthood and the child's emotional, cognitive and social development negatively. Conclusion: Paternal postpartum depressions are caused of socio-demographic, psychological and social factors. The depression affects the whole family, partners, parenting and the child's cognitive and social development negatively. The literature study increases the knowledge and opportunities to identify postpartum depression in fathers, support the family and to contribute to a favorable development for the child. Future research should be done in order to find appropriate methods and assessment instruments designed to find the fathers at risk for developing depression.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012.
Keyword [en]
Child, Family, Fathers, Postpartum depression, Risk factors, Systematic literature study
Keyword [sv]
Barn, Familj, Orsaker, Pappor, Postpartum depression, Systematisk litteraturstudie
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-18262OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-18262DiVA: diva2:586977
Educational program
Specialistutbildning, Distriktssköterska VDISA 75 hp
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-02-18 Created: 2013-01-13 Last updated: 2013-02-18Bibliographically approved

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Postpartum depression hos fäder -Bakomliggande orsaker samt påverkan på familjen och barnet(250 kB)647 downloads
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