Suicidal expressions in young Swedish Sami, a cross-sectional study
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, Vol. 72, 19862- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives. To investigate the experience of suicidal expressions (death wishes, life weariness, ideation, plans and attempts) in young Swedish Sami, their attitudes toward suicide (ATTS), and experience of suicidal expressions and completed suicide in significant others and to compare with Swedes in general. Methods. A cross-sectional study comprising 516 Swedish Sami, 18-28 years of age together with an age and geographically matched reference group (n = 218). Parts of the ATTS questionnaire have been used to cover different aspects of the suicidal complex. Data were analysed with regard to gender, occupation, counties and experience of negative societal treatment due to Sami background. Results. Both young Sami and young Swedes reported suicidal ideation, life weariness, and death wishes in a high degree (30-50%), but it was more common among the Sami. Having had plans to commit suicide showed a significant gender difference only in the Sami. The prevalence of suicide attempts did not differ significantly between Sami and Swedes. Subgroups of the Sami reported a higher degree of suicidal behaviour, Sami women and reindeer herders reported a 3, 5-fold higher odds of suicide attempts and a 2-fold higher odds having had plans committing suicide. Sami living in Vasterbotten/Jamtland/Vasternorrland and Sami with experience of ethnicity related bad treatment 2-fold higher odds of suicidal plans compared to those living in other counties. Conclusion. An increased occurrence of suicidal ideation/death wishes/life weariness in young Sami compared to young majority Swedes was found, but not an increased prevalence of suicide attempts and positive attitudes together with an increased awareness to handle suicide problems could be a contributing factor. Severe circumstances and experience of ethnicity-related bad treatment seems to contribute to increased levels of suicidal plans and attempts in subgroups of Sami.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Association of Circumpolar Health Publishers , 2013. Vol. 72, 19862- p.
suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, gender, reindeer herder, idigenous Sami, attitudes towards suicide
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Psychiatry
Research subject Public health
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-63982DOI: 10.3402/ijch.v72i0.19862ISI: 000317051800001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-63982DiVA: diva2:585931
FunderForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
Original included in thesis in manuscript form.
Funded by County Council of Norrbotten reseach fund.2013-01-102013-01-102016-05-24Bibliographically approved