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Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att ge stresshantering till patienter med bröstcancer: en kvalitativ intervjustudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Att undersöka sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att ge stresshantering till kvinnor med nydiagnostiserad bröstcancer.

Metod: Kvalitativ explorativ intervjustudie. Åtta sjuksköterskor deltog i individuella semistrukturerade intervjuer.

Resultat: Huvudresultatet utgörs av sex kategorier: stresshanteringsbehovet hos patienterna, kompetens, primära uppgiften med uppdraget, när det kändes lyckat, när det kändes svårt och positiv upplevelse. Sjuksköterskorna uppfattade att det fanns ett stort behov av stresshantering hos kvinnor med nydiagnostiserad bröstcancer. Sjuksköterskorna ansåg sig kompetenta att ge stresshanteringen på grund av deras långa vårderfarenhet, de verktyg och den kunskap de fick från utbildningen. Upplevelsen av kärnan med uppdraget var att få patienten att känna trygghet i att hantera sjukdom, behandlingar och känslor. Dessutom ville sjuksköterskorna normalisera och medvetandegöra patienternas stressreaktioner. Sjuksköterskorna menade att möten kändes lyckade då patienterna lyfte och stöttade varandra, samt upptäckte sin egen huvudproblematik. Att inte nå fram till patienterna upplevdes som svårt och frustrerande för sjuksköterskorna. I stort var upplevelsen övergripande positiv.

Slutsats: Sjuksköterskorna ansåg att stresshanteringen var en positiv upplevelse och att den även varit givande för patienterna. 

Abstract [en]

Aim: To investigate nurses' experiences of providing stress management for women with newly diagnosed breast cancer.

Method: A qualitative exploratory interview study. Eight nurses participated in individual semi-structured interviews.

Results: The main result consists of six categories: patients need of stress management, competence, the main purpose of the mission, when it felt successful, when it felt difficult and a positive experience. The nurses perceived a need of stress management in women with newly diagnosed breast cancer. The nurses considered themselves competent to provide stress management because of their long experience in health care, the tools and the knowledge they received from their education. The core of the mission was to get the patient to feel confident in dealing with illness, treatments and feelings. The nurses also wanted to normalize and raise the awareness of stress reactions. The meetings felt successful when patients supported each other and discovered their own main problems. The nurses felt frustrated and found it difficult when they didn’t get through to the patients. The overall experience was positive.

Conclusion: The nurses felt that the stress management was a positive experience and that it also had been rewarding for the patients. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , p. 24
Keyword [en]
Breast cancer, nurses experiences, stress management, psychosocial support
Keyword [sv]
Bröstcancer, sjuksköterskors upplevelser, stresshantering, psykosocialt stöd
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-191289OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-191289DiVA: diva2:585268
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-01-14 Created: 2013-01-09 Last updated: 2013-01-14Bibliographically approved

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