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Förekomsten av felaktiga läkemedelsordinationer inom pediatrisk vård: En journalgranskningsstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syftet med föreliggande arbete var att studera förekomsten av felaktiga läkemedelsordinationer på en pediatrisk avdelning. Metoden bestod i journalgranskning av läkemedelsordinationer av inskrivna patienter (n = 94) under två månader, 2012. Journalgranskningen utfördes i journaldatabasen Cosmic och omfattade 543 läkemedelsordinationer vilka granskades utifrån flertalet variabler. Resultatet visade att 174 av 543 (32 %) ordinationslistor var felaktiga. Läkemedelsnamn samt hänvisning till speciallista var angivet i samtliga ordinationer. Läkemedelsform var angivet i majoriteten av läkemedelsordinationerna. Styrka var ej angivet i 1 %, dos var ej angivet i 2 %, administrationssätt var felaktigt angivet i 6 % och var ej angivet i 9 %, administrationstidpunkt var ej angivet i 2 %. Maxdos för vid behovsläkemedel var ej angivet i 35 % och spädningsschema eller hänvisning till spädningsschema var ej angivet i 10 % av läkemedelsordinationerna. Slutsatsen visar att de vanligaste felaktigheterna bestod i administrationssätt, maxdos för vid behovsläkemedel samt spädningsschema eller hänvisning till spädningsschema. Alla felaktigheter i läkemedelsordinationen har påverkan på arbetssituationen för sjuksköterskan i såväl handhavandet av läkemedel, tidsåtgång samt resurser inom vården, vilket äventyrar patientsäkerheten.

Abstract [en]

Abstract

The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of drug prescription errors at a pediatric ward facility. The method used consisted of medical record review of drug prescription errors of enrolled patients (n = 94) for two months during 2012. Medical record review was performed and included 543 drug prescriptions, which were evaluated. The results showed that 174 of 543 (32 %) of prescription lists were incorrect, based on information given with the medication. The study found that drug name and reference to the specialist were always provided. However, errors included: dosage form not specified in 0.4%, strength was not specified in 1.1%, dose was not specified in 1.6%, route of administration was incorrectly stated in 5.9% and was not specified in 8.8%, administration time was not specified in 1.7%. Maximum dose for range order was not specified in 34.9% and dilution scheme or reference to dilution scheme was not specified in 9.6%. The conclusion of the study was that the most common prescription errors consisted of route of administration, the maximum dose if necessary drugs and dilution scheme or reference to dilution scheme. Prescription errors have effects in the workplace for nurses in the administration of drugs, which threatens patient safety.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
Medication administration record, prescription errors, medical record review, pediatrics, patient safety
Keyword [sv]
Läkemedelslista, felaktiga ordinationer, journalgranskning, pediatrik, patientsäkerhet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-190673OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-190673DiVA: diva2:584087
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-01-21 Created: 2013-01-08 Last updated: 2013-01-21Bibliographically approved

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