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Att tänka efter före: unga kvinnors sexuella riskbeteenden och attityder kring abort
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To think before you act : young women's sexual risk taking behaviors and attitudes toward abortion (English)
Abstract [sv]

I Sverige genomförs årligen 35 000 - 40 000 aborter. Kvinnor i åldersgruppen 20-24 är de som utför allra flest och risktaganden i sexuella sammanhang är betydligt större än vad det tidigare har varit. Litteraturstudiens syfte var att beskriva unga kvinnor sexuella riskbeteenden och deras attityder till abort. Systematiska sökningar gjordes i Cinahl, PubMed och PsycINFO och artiklar som motsvarade syftet granskades kritiskt. Slutligen valdes 11 vetenskapliga artiklar som bearbetades och analyserades. Utifrån syftet delades resultatet upp i två delar. Under riskbeteenden framkom följande underteman: alkohol gör unga kvinnor mer riskbenägna, liberala attityder till sex, inkonsekvent användande av preventivmedel, upplevda nackdelar med preventivmedel samt brist på information om preventivmedel och sexualkunskap. Dessa teman beskriver på olika sätt de sexuella riskbeteenden som visat sig finnas hos unga kvinnor idag. Unga kvinnors attityder till abort delades upp i två underteman: abort som ett accepterat alternativ samt blandade känslor kring en oplanerad graviditet och beslut om abort. Abort sågs som en självklar rätt men även rädsla att ångra sitt beslut uttrycktes. Preventiva insatser vad gäller oönskade graviditeter är ett ansvar som åligger hälso- och sjukvården. Sjuksköterskan kan i sin profession använda sig av motiverande samtal. Det vilar också ett ansvar på hälso- och sjukvården att erbjuda en god abortvård samt möjlighet till återhämtning där sjuksköterskan spelar en viktig roll vid samtal och stöd.

Abstract [en]

Every year implements 35,000 to 40,000 abortions in Sweden. The most are performed by women aged 20-24 and risk-taking in sexual context is much more common than before. The aim of this study was to describe young women´s sexual risk behaviors and their attitudes toward abortion. Systematic searches were made in Cinahl, PubMed and PsycINFO and articles that corresponded the aim was critically reviewed.

Finally 11 research articles were selected and after that they were processed and analyzed. Based on the purpose the result was divided in two parts. To risk behaviors following subthemes revealed: alcohol makes young women more willing to take risks, liberal attitudes to sex, inconsistently use of contraception, perceived disadvantages of contraception and lack of information about contraception and sex education. These themes describe the sexual risk behaviors that exist in young women today. About young women's attitudes to abortion two subthemes were emerged: abortion as accepted alternative and mixed feelings about an unplanned pregnancy and the decision on abortion. Abortions were seen as a natural right, but also fear of regretting their decision was expressed. Preventions of unwanted pregnancies are a responsibility of health and medical care. Nurses can in their profession use motivational interviewing. The health sector also has a responsibility to offer a good abortion care and allow for recovery. The nurse plays a particularly important role in the support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 17 p.
Keyword [sv]
abort, health belief model, preventivmedel, riskbeteeeden, unga kvinnor
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-20556OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-20556DiVA: diva2:583451
Subject / course
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-01-08 Created: 2013-01-08 Last updated: 2013-01-08Bibliographically approved

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Att tänka efter före - unga kvinnors sexuella riskbeteenden och attityder kring abort(482 kB)459 downloads
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