Out-of-town shopping and its induced CO2-emissions
2013 (English)Report (Other academic)
Planning policies in several European countries have aimed at hindering the expansion of out-of-town shopping centers. One argument for this is concern for the increase in transport and a resulting increase in environmental externalities such as CO2-emissions. This concern is weakly founded in science as few studies have attempted to measure CO2-emissions of shopping trips as a function of the location of the shopping centers. In this paper we conduct a counter-factual analysis comparing downtown, edge-of-town and out-of-town shopping. In this comparison we use GPS to track 250 consumers over a time-span of two months in a Swedish region. The GPS-data enters the Oguchi’s formula to obtain shopping trip-specific CO2-emissions. We find that consumers’ out-of-town shopping would generate an excess of 60 per cent CO2-emissions whereas downtown and edge-of-town shopping centers are comparable.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Borlänge: Högskolan Dalarna , 2013. , 16 p.
Working papers in transport, tourism, information technology and microdata analysis, ISSN 1650-5581 ; 2013:01
Car-specific CO2-emissions, Counter-factual, Dense network, GPS tracking, Regional shopping centers
Geotechnical Engineering Economic Geography
Research subject Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys, General Microdata Analysis - retail; Komplexa system - mikrodataanalys, General Microdata Analysis - transports
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:du-11625OAI: oai:DiVA.org:du-11625DiVA: diva2:583186