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An efficient approach for the isolation, identification and evaluation of antimicrobial plant components on an analytical scale, demonstrated by the example of Radix imperatoriae
Institute of Organic Chemistry, University of Tübingen, Germany.
Institute of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, University of Tübingen, Germany.
Interfaculty Institute for Biochemistry, University of Tübingen, Germany.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9518-1411
Institute of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, University of Tübingen, Germany.
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2010 (English)In: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, ISSN 1618-2642, E-ISSN 1618-2650, Vol. 398, no 5, 2039-2047 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using Radix imperatoriae (the root of masterwort) as an example, we describe an efficient approach for the isolation, identification and evaluation of bioactive plant components on an analytical scale. The extraction of Radix imperatoriae with ethyl acetate was enhanced by the application of ultrasound oscillations. This rhizome extract was applied to three pathogenic bacteria ( Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus) to determine its antimicrobial activity. Disk diffusion was utilized to determine susceptibility. The extract components were separated using a series of chromatography approaches (semi-preparative RP-HPLC, or RP-HPLC on an analytical scale), followed by testing. All fractions were analyzed by LC-UV-ESI-MS and 600 MHz microcoil H NMR spectroscopy. Among other findings, in the fraction with the highest antibacterial activity we were able to identify oxypeucedanin and oxypeucedanin hydrate. Subsequent analysis revealed that only oxypeucedanin hydrate had antibacterial activity, whereas oxypeucedanin itself was inactive at the concentrations applied. Furthermore, oxypeucedanin hydrate appears to be largely, or exclusively, a by-product of sample preparation, since it is either not synthesized by the plant as a second metabolite or is produced by it in only very small quantities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2010. Vol. 398, no 5, 2039-2047 p.
Keyword [en]
Radix imperatoriae . Peucedanum ostruthium . Antimicrobial activity . LC-ESI-MS . Microcoil NMR
National Category
Analytical Chemistry Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-86856DOI: 10.1007/s00216-010-4153-2ISI: 000283244500025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-86856DiVA: diva2:582928
Available from: 2013-01-07 Created: 2013-01-07 Last updated: 2013-09-03

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Los, Marek Jan
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