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Kulturens påverkan: Copingmönster vid hälsokriser
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Cultural influences : Coping during health crisis (English)
Abstract [sv]

Det svenska samhället blir alltmer mångkulturellt. I och med den ökade invandringen behöver hälso- och sjukvård uppmärksamma kulturens betydelse för patienters hantering av sin sjukdom. Utan förståelse för individers kulturella värderingar är det svårt för vårdpersonal att förstå hur individers copingmönster påverkas vid ohälsa. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa hur kulturella hälsoövertygelser kan påverka människors copingmönster vid ohälsa. Till resultatet användes 13 artiklar (elva kvalitativa, en kvantitativ samt en som var både kvantitativ och kvalitativ) som granskades och analyserades. Resultatet visade att sociala relationer kunde ha både en negativ och positiv påverkan på individens copingmönster. Samhällets negativa värderingar kring ohälsa kunde leda till stigmatisering. Kulturella behandlingsstrategier kunde bidra till ökad coping men också skapa konflikt då det gick emot västerländsk medicinsk behandling. Andlighet och religiositet visade sig ha en viktig funktion för att förklara och hantera ohälsa. Individens kunskap kring hälsotillståndet hade en betydande påverkan vid hantering av ohälsa då brist på kunskap utgjorde ett hinder för coping. Vidare forskning bör genomföras och fokusera på hur kulturella hälsoövertygelser kan påverka individens copingstrategier. Sjuksköterskan bör utveckla en ökad kulturell medvetenhet i omvårdnaden av individer oavsett härkomst.

Abstract [en]

The Swedish society is becoming increasingly multicultural. With the increased immigration there is a need for healthcare to acknowledge the meaning of culture for patients coping with their illness. Without an understanding for individuals’ cultural values, is it difficult for health professionals to understand how individuals’ coping patterns are affected during ill health. The purpose of this study was to illustrate how cultural health beliefs can affect peoples coping during illness. 13 articles were used (eleven qualitative, one quantitative, and one that was both quantitative and qualitative) in the study, that were reviewed and analysed. The results showed that social relationships could have both a negative and positive impact on the individual's coping patterns. Society's negative values ​​regarding illness could lead to stigmatization. Cultural treatment strategies could help to increase coping but also create conflict when it went against western medical treatment. Spirituality and religiosity were shown to have an important role in explaining and dealing with illness. The individual's knowledge of health had a significant impact on the management of ill health, as a lack of knowledge was an obstacle to coping. Further research should be conducted, focusing on how cultural health beliefs may influence an individual's coping strategies. Nurses should develop a greater cultural awareness in the care of individuals, regardless of ancestry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 16 p.
Keyword [en]
Coping, culture, health beliefs, health crisis
Keyword [sv]
Coping, kultur, hälsokriser, hälsoövertygelser
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-20297OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-20297DiVA: diva2:582450
Subject / course
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-01-08 Created: 2013-01-04 Last updated: 2013-01-08Bibliographically approved

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