Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Essays on University Efficiency Analysis and Entrepreneurship among University Graduates
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9464-213X
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The thesis consists of five papers: three deal with the efficiency of higher education institutions (HEI) and two with entrepreneurship among university graduates. The efficiency of HEIs is analyzed at three different levels: units of one university, universities of one country and universities of a group of European countries.

Using data envelopment analysis (DEA) the first paper compares technical efficiency among university units at the Royal Institute of Technology (Stockholm). An interesting result is that there seems to be a complementary relationship between efficiency of resource utilization in teaching and in research.

The second paper applies stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) to estimate the cost efficiency of Swedish higher education institutions. According to the estimates, half of the Swedish HEIs have an above average efficiency of 85 percent. The efficiency differences are mainly influenced by the source of funding, HEI size, the number of students per faculty as well as faculty and student compositions.

The third paper analyses the cost efficiency of universities among a set of public higher education institutions from six European countries by means of stochastic frontier techniques. The results suggest small variation in the mean economic efficiency of higher education institutions from UK, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Switzerland, implying that the efficiency differences are not explained by country effects. Instead the variations in efficiency are related to organizational differences.

The two essays on entrepreneurship among university graduates are based on a unique dataset encompassing individual level data on all employees registered in the Swedish labor market. The first paper explores the differences in entrepreneurial choice of graduates from different universities. The main finding from this paper is that the entrepreneurial choice of graduates from internationally ranked Swedish universities systematically differs from others with the difference varying by the area of education.

The second paper on entrepreneurship aims at explaining the high interest in entrepreneurship among arts graduates and finds that the need for self-expression is among the main motivations for their high interest in entrepreneurship. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. , iv, 13 p.
Series
Trita-IEO, ISSN 1100-7982 ; 2012:09
Keyword [en]
universities, efficiency, entrepreneurship, education, graduates, arts education
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-109298ISBN: 978-91-7501-601-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-109298DiVA: diva2:581259
Public defence
2013-01-25, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20130107

Available from: 2013-01-07 Created: 2012-12-30 Last updated: 2013-01-07Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Do University Units Differ in the Efficiency of Resource Utilization?: a case study of the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do University Units Differ in the Efficiency of Resource Utilization?: a case study of the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm
(English)In: Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, ISSN 2050-7003, E-ISSN 1758-1184, , 29 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

The efficiency of universities is attracting increased interest, with most studies comparing the performance between different universities. However, the within-university variation is largely overlooked in the literature. Using data envelopment analysis this paper identifies heterogeneity in the performance of 47 units of a leading Swedish university (the Royal Institute of Technology) in terms of resource utilization. The findings suggest the following:

First, three quarters of the units exhibit similar high performance. Second, the units are more efficient in using resources for research than for teaching. Third, efficiency in research is highly correlated with efficiency in teaching, implying a complementary relationship.

Publisher
29 p.
Keyword
Technical and scale efficiency, data envelopment analysis, universities
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-109515 (URN)
Note

QS 2013

Available from: 2013-01-07 Created: 2013-01-07 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
2. The Economic Efficiency of Swedish Higher Education Institutions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Economic Efficiency of Swedish Higher Education Institutions
(English)In: Journal of Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, , 23 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Using parametric frontier techniques, this paper investigates the economic efficiency of Swedish higher education institutions (HEIs) with an attempt to determine the factors causing efficiency differences. The analysis is conducted for 30 HEIs over the time period 2001-2005. A set of HEI organizational factors as well as faculty and student compositions are examined as potential determinants of economic efficiency.

According to the estimates, half of the Swedish HEIs have above average efficiency of 85 percent. The economic efficiency is positively affected by HEI size, the number of students per faculty and a high proportion of young professors in the faculty. Another interesting finding is that the source of financing matters for efficient use of resources; in particular, HEIs with a higher level of government support are found to be less efficient.

Publisher
23 p.
Keyword
Cost efficiency, stochastic frontier analysis, universities
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-109516 (URN)
Note

QS 2013

Available from: 2013-01-07 Created: 2013-01-07 Last updated: 2013-01-07Bibliographically approved
3. How and why does cost efficiency of universities differ across European countries?: An explorative attempt using new micro data
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How and why does cost efficiency of universities differ across European countries?: An explorative attempt using new micro data
2012 (English)In: The European Higher Education Landscape: Diversity and Performance / [ed] Banaccorsi, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study analyses the cost efficiency of universities in a set of public higher education institutions (HEI) from six European countries by means of stochastic frontier techniques. Using a new cross-national set of university input and output variables as well as series of university-related exogenous variables, it explores cross-country variation in cost efficiency and the impact of institutional factors on efficiency variation.

The results suggest small variations in the mean economic efficiency of higher education institutions from the UK, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Switzerland, implying that efficiency differences in HEIs of these countries are not explained by country effects. Austrian HEIs are an exception in this respect. Furthermore, according to our results big universities and those with a high proportion of teaching and research personnel are more efficient, everything else equal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012
Keyword
Cost efficiency, stochastic frontier analysis, universities
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-109503 (URN)
Conference
ERSA 2010 Congress
Note

QC 20130107

Available from: 2013-01-07 Created: 2013-01-07 Last updated: 2013-01-07Bibliographically approved
4. University choice and entrepreneurship
Open this publication in new window or tab >>University choice and entrepreneurship
2014 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 42, no 4, 42 p.729-746 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper aims at shedding light upon the impact of universities on graduates' entrepreneurial choice. Previous studies analyze the relationship between the choice of university and labor market success of graduates in terms of their subsequent wages, employability or over-education, whereas the possible link between the choice of university and entrepreneurial choice is neglected. Using 1998-2008 data on graduates from Swedish higher education institutions, the paper finds significant variation in the impact of universities on the career choice of graduates. The results suggest that graduates with degrees in the social sciences, natural sciences, medicine and teacher education from more prestigious universities systematically differ from others in their entrepreneurial choice. At the same time, no statistically significant difference is found for technical science graduates.

Publisher
42 p.
Keyword
Universities, education, entrepreneurship, graduates
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-109506 (URN)10.1007/s11187-013-9501-0 (DOI)000333052900006 ()2-s2.0-84896392717 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20140423. Updated from submitted to published.

Available from: 2013-01-07 Created: 2013-01-07 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
5. Entrepreneurship and Arts Related Education
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship and Arts Related Education
(English)In: Journal of Labor Economics, ISSN 0734-306X, , 32 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to improve understanding of the observed high level of entrepreneurship among arts graduates. Specifically, the entrepreneurship rates of university graduates in the arts, architecture and engineering are compared. The occupational choice model applied has three options: wage employment, owning and a combination of the two.

The utility function governing the choice includes income as well as an indicator of the disutility resulting from differences between the skills required and the skills supplied. The model implies that an alternative providing a better match might be preferred to one providing a higher income. Using Swedish data, this paper shows that the possibility of using artistic skills has stronger impact on the choice of occupation than income considerations.

Publisher
32 p.
Keyword
arts graduates, education, occupational choice
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-109510 (URN)
Note

QR 20161209

Available from: 2013-01-07 Created: 2013-01-07 Last updated: 2016-12-09Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(195 kB)