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Ethnicity, Cultural Identity and Bordering: A Tornedalian Negro
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of culture and media studies. (Arcum)
2012 (English)In: Folklore, ISSN 1406-0957, E-ISSN 1406-0949, Vol. 52, 85-108 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article examines how experiences of internal colonialism may be expressed in literary writing, through an analysis of Bengt Pohjanen's poem Rattipaat (Ragheads). The article discusses the poem and its embedding in a Meankieli (Tornedalian Finnish) grammar book, Meankielen kramatiikki (Pohjanen & Kentta 1996). The theme explored is the tensions arising between homogenising modernity in a Swedish nation-building context and the particular situation of the Tornedalian Finnish minority in northern Sweden. Colonial complicity and vernacular cosmopolitanism are key concepts used in describing these tensions. The article proposes that the poem represents a remapping of the 'national' and the 'international' as allegiances are established between the Swedish national minority of the Tornedalians and migrants in European metropolitan centres. Hence the Tornedalians in the northern borderlands are presented as symbolic citizens in new migrant cartographies. This implies that a new myth of belonging is created, which unifies national minorities with metropolitan migrants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 52, 85-108 p.
Keyword [en]
Swedish Tornedalians, minority status, Meänkieli, internal colonialism, colonial complicity, vernacular cosmopolitanism
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Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-63051DOI: 10.7592/FEJF2012.52.heithISI: 000313756100006OAI: diva2:580948
gästforskarperiod Hugo Valentin centrum, Uppsala universitet, jan.-febr. och nov.-dec. 2012Border Aesthetics
Available from: 2012-12-27 Created: 2012-12-27 Last updated: 2016-05-26Bibliographically approved

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