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A 250 ka oxygen isotope record from diatoms at Lake El'gygytgyn, far east Russian Arctic
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. (Arcum)
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2012 (English)In: Climate of the Past, ISSN 1814-9324, E-ISSN 1814-9332, Vol. 8, no 5, 1621-1636 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In 2003 sediment core Lz1024 was drilled at Lake El'gygytgyn, far east Russian Arctic, in an area of the Northern Hemisphere which has not been glaciated for the last 3.6 Ma. Biogenic silica was used for analysing the oxygen isotope composition (delta O-18(diatom)) in the upper 13m long section dating back about 250 ka with samples dominated by one taxa in the < 10 mu m fraction (Cyclotella ocellata). Downcore variations in delta O-18 values show that glacial-interglacial cycles are present throughout the core and delta O-18(diatom)-values are mainly controlled by delta O-18(precipitation). Changes reflect the Holocene Thermal Maximum, the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) and the interglacial periods corresponding to MIS 5.5 and MIS 7 with a peak-to-peak amplitude between LGM and MIS 5.5 of Delta O-18=5.3 parts per thousand. This corresponds to a mean annual air temperature difference of about 9 degrees C. Our record is the first continuous delta O-18(diatom) record from an Arctic lake sediment core directly responding to precipitation and dating back more than 250 ka and correlates well with the stacked marine delta(18)OLR04 (r = 0.58) and delta D EPICA Dome-C record (r = 0.69). With delta O-18 results indicating strong links to both marine and ice-core records, records from Lake El'gygytgyn can be used to further investigate the sensitivity of the Arctic climate to both past and future global climatic changes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copernicus GmbH , 2012. Vol. 8, no 5, 1621-1636 p.
National Category
Geology Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-62812DOI: 10.5194/cp-8-1621-2012ISI: 000310470600017OAI: diva2:580848
Available from: 2012-12-27 Created: 2012-12-18 Last updated: 2016-05-20Bibliographically approved

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Meyer-Jacob, Carsten
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