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Distriktsköterskors arbete med malnutrierade äldre personer inom kommunal hemsjukvård
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
University of Skövde, School of Life Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
District nurses work with malnourished older people in nursing home care of the community (English)
Abstract [en]


Malnutrition is a nursing issue that causes both physical and psychological suffering of those who are affected. In order to achieve care that is safe and has a good quality, it must be based on the assessment and actions of the state. District nurses play a central role in this work. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the district nurses' work with identifying and addressing malnutrition in older people in nursing Home Care of the Community. Method: Six interviews with district nurses were conducted. The data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach Results: From the results of the analysis two categories emerged: observations for finding signs of malnutrition, treatment and following up by malnutrition. Conclusion: Cooperation in the form of communication and information within the care team, together with the patient and their relatives, were found to be important for the patient's nutritional needs and should be identified and addressed in order to avoid the risk of malnutrition. The results that emerge can contribute to new knowledge that can help to identify older persons in order to get early and appropriate interventions and thus reducing the suffering that is caused by malnutrition.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Malnutrition är ett omvårdnadsproblem som medför både fysiskt och psykiskt lidande för den som drabbas. För att uppnå en vård som är säker och har god kvalitet, måste den baseras på bedömning samt åtgärder av nutritionsproblemet. Distriktssköterskan har en central roll i detta arbete. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva distriktssköterskors arbete med att identifiera och åtgärda malnutrition hos äldre personer inom kommunal hemsjukvård. Metod: Sex intervjuer med distriktssköterskor genomfördes. Datamaterialet analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys med induktiv ansats. Resultat: Ur analysen av datamaterialet framträdde två kategorier; Observationer för att finna tecken på malnutrition, behandling och uppföljning av malnutrition. Konklusion: Samarbete i form av kommunikation och information inom vårdteamet och tillsammans med patienten och dess anhöriga, visade sig vara av vikt för att patientens nutritionsbehov ska kunna identifieras och tillgodoses för att inte riskera malnutrition. Resultatet som framkom kan bidra med kunskap som kan underlätta att identifiera äldre personer tidigt och med adekvata insatser förmå att minska lidandet som malnutrition medför.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
Assessment, District nurses Elderly care, Malnutrition
Keyword [sv]
distriktsköterskor, malnutrition, riskbedömning, äldrevård
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:his:diva-6953OAI: diva2:580477
Subject / course
Nursing/Nursing Science
Educational program
Primary Health Care - Specialist Nursing Programme
Available from: 2014-01-07 Created: 2012-12-21 Last updated: 2014-01-07Bibliographically approved

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Lundberg Jonasson, Ann-Sofi
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