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Accuracy of noninvasive haemoglobin measurement by pulse oximetry depends on the type of infusion fluid
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Anesthesiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Anesthesiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Anaesthesiology and Surgery.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Anesthesiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Anaesthesiology and Surgery.
2012 (English)In: European Journal of Anaesthesiology, ISSN 0265-0215, E-ISSN 1365-2346, Vol. 29, no 12, 586-592 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Context: Measurement of blood haemoglobin concentration by pulse oximetry could be of value in determining when erythrocytes should be transfused during surgery, but the effect of infusion fluids on the results is unclear.

Objective: To study the effect of crystalloid and colloid fluid on the accuracy (bias) and precision of pulse oximetry haemoglobin estimation to indicate the venous haemoglobin concentration in volunteers.

Design: Open interventional crossover study.

Setting: Single university hospital.

Participants: Ten male volunteers aged 18–28 (mean 22) years.

Interventions: Each volunteer underwent three infusion experiments on separate days and in random order. The infusions were Ringer's acetate (20 ml kg−1), hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 (10 ml kg−1) and a combination of both.

Results: At the end of the infusions of Ringer's acetate, pulse oximetry haemoglobin concentration had decreased more than the true haemoglobin concentration (15 vs. 8%; P < 0.005; n  = 10) whereas starch solution decreased pulse oximetry haemoglobin concentration less than true haemoglobin concentration (7 vs. 11%; P < 0.02; n  = 20). The same differences were seen when the fluids were infused separately and when they were combined. The overall difference between all 956 pairs of pulse oximetry haemoglobin concentration and true haemoglobin concentrations (the bias) averaged only −0.7 g l−1 whereas the 95% prediction interval was wide, ranging from −24.9 to 23.7 g l−1. In addition to the choice of infusion fluid, the bias was strongly dependent on the volunteer (each factor, P < 0.001).

Conclusion: The bias of measuring haemoglobin concentration by pulse oximetry is dependent on whether a crystalloid or a colloid fluid is infused.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2012. Vol. 29, no 12, 586-592 p.
Keyword [en]
colloid, crystalloid, haemoglobin, pulse oximetry
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-86624DOI: 10.1097/EJA.0b013e3283592733ISI: 000310923700007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-86624DiVA: diva2:580119
Note

Funding Agencies|Stockholm City Council||Ostergotland County Council||

The publication has been published twice by the journal. It is also included in volyme 30, issue 2, pages 73-79 (February 2013).

Available from: 2013-04-22 Created: 2012-12-20 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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