The Persistence of Subjective Poverty in Urban Ethiopia
2012 (English)Report (Other academic)
Using panel data spanning 15 years, this paper investigates the persistence and correlates of subjective and consumption poverty in urban Ethiopia. Despite the decline in consumption poverty in recent years, which has been linked to rapid economic growth, subjective poverty has remained largely unchanged. Dynamic probit regression results show that households with a history of past poverty continue to perceive themselves as poor even if their material consumption improves. Our results also suggest that the relative economic position of households is a strong determinant of subjective poverty, and having at least some type of employment reduces the likelihood that households will perceive themselves as poor, even if they remain in objective poverty. Receiving remittances from abroad, on the other hand, does not reduce perceived poverty, even if it raises material consumption. We argue that any analysis to measure the impact of growth on welfare should encompass subjective measures as well.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
, Working Papers in Economics, 549
Ethiopia; subjective poverty; dynamic probit
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-18002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-18002DiVA: diva2:579317
FunderFormasSida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency