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Inflammation, oxidative stress, glomerular filtration rate, and albuminuria in elderly men: a cross-sectional study
Dalarna University, School of Education, Health and Social Studies, Medical Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3880-2132
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2012 (English)In: BMC research notes, ISSN 1756-0500, Vol. 5, no 1, 537- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: The role of inflammation and oxidative stress in mild renal impairment in the elderly is not well studied. Accordingly, we aimed at investigating the associations between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR), and markers of different inflammatory pathways and oxidative stress in a community based cohort of elderly men. FINDINGS: Cystatin C-based GFR, ACR, and biomarkers of cytokine-mediated inflammation (interleukin-6, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein[CRP], serum amyloid A[SAA]), cyclooxygenase-mediated inflammation (urinary prostaglandin F2alpha [PGF2alpha]), and oxidative stress (urinary F2 isoprostanes) were assessed in the Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men(n = 647, mean age 77 years). RESULTS: In linear regression models adjusting for age, BMI, smoking, blood pressure, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, and treatment with statins, ACE-inhibitors, ASA, and anti-inflammatory agents, eGFR was inversely associated with CRP, interleukin-6, and SAA (beta-coefficient -0.13 to -0.19, p < 0.001 for all), and positively associated with urinary F2-isoprostanes (beta-coefficient 0.09, p = 0.02). In line with this, ACR was positively associated with CRP, interleukin-6, and SAA (beta- coefficient 0.09-0.12, p < 0.02 for all), and negatively associated with urinary F2-isoprostanes (beta-coefficient -0.12, p = 0.002). The associations were similar but with lower regression coefficients in a sub-sample with normal eGFR (>60 ml/min/1.73 m2, n = 514), with the exception that F2-isoprostane and SAA were no longer associated with eGFR. CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that cytokine-mediated inflammation is involved in the early stages of impaired kidney function in the elderly, but that cyclooxygenase-mediated inflammation does not play a role at this stage. The unexpected association between higher eGFR/lower albuminuria and increased F2-isoprostanes in urine merits further studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2012. Vol. 5, no 1, 537- p.
Keyword [en]
Inflammation; Oxidative stress; Glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria
National Category
Urology and Nephrology
Research subject
Health and Welfare
URN: urn:nbn:se:du-11503DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-5-537PubMedID: 23016573OAI: diva2:579273

Open access

Available from: 2012-12-19 Created: 2012-12-19 Last updated: 2016-05-31Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The kidney in different stages of the cardiovascular continuum
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The kidney in different stages of the cardiovascular continuum
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Patients with chronic kidney disease are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease. The complex, interaction between the kidney and the cardiovascular system is incompletely understood, particularly at the early stages of the cardiovascular continuum.

The overall aim of this thesis was to clarify novel aspects of the interplay between the kidney and the cardiovascular system at different stages of the cardiovascular continuum; from risk factors such as insulin resistance, inflammation and oxidative stress, via sub-clinical cardiovascular damage such as endothelial dysfunction and left ventricular dysfunction, to overt cardiovascular death.

This thesis is based on two community-based cohorts of elderly, Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men (ULSAM) and Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS).

The first study, show that higher insulin sensitivity, measured with euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp technique was associated to improve estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in participants with normal fasting plasma glucose, normal glucose tolerance and normal eGFR. In longitudinal analyses, higher insulin sensitivity at baseline was associated with lower risk of impaired renal function during follow-up. In the second study, eGFR was inversely associated with different inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, serum amyloid A) and positively associated with a marker of oxidative stress (urinary F2-isoprostanes). In line with this, the urinary albumin/creatinine ratio was positively associated with these inflammatory markers, and negatively associated with oxidative stress.

In study three, higher eGFR was associated with better endothelial function as assessed by the invasive forearm model. Further, in study four, higher eGFR was significantly associated with higher left ventricular systolic function (ejection fraction). The 5th study of the thesis shows that higher urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER) and lower eGFR was independently associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular mortality. Analyses of global model fit, discrimination, calibration, and reclassification suggest that UAER and eGFR add relevant prognostic information beyond established cardiovascular risk factors in participants without prevalent cardiovascular disease.

Conclusion: this thesis show that the interaction between the kidney and the cardiovascular system plays an important role in the development of cardiovascular disease and that this interplay begins at an early asymptomatic stage of the disease process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2013. 72 p.
, Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206; 946, 946
epidemiology, chronic kidney disease, cystatin C, glomerular filtration rate, albuminuria, euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp, insulin sensitivity, inflammation, oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction and left ventricular dysfunction
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems Urology and Nephrology Gerontology, specializing in Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Health and Welfare, Nedsatt njurfunktion, insulinresistens, oxidativ stress och utvecklingen av hjärt-kärlsjukdomar
urn:nbn:se:du-13489 (URN)978-91-554-8792-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-12-05, Universitetshuset Sal IX, Uppsala, 09:00 (Swedish)
Available from: 2013-12-12 Created: 2013-12-10 Last updated: 2015-12-07Bibliographically approved

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