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Social Support, Socio-Economic Status, Health and Abuse among Older People in Seven European Countries: Social support and elder abuse in Europe
Centre of Socio-Economic Research on Ageing, Italian National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, I.N.R.C.A., Ancona, Italy.
Italian National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, I.N.R.C.A., Ancona, Italy.
Centre of Socio-Economic Research on Ageing, Italian National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, I.N.R.C.A., Ancona, Italy.
Centro de Investigación Biomedica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
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2013 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 1, e54856- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Social support has a strong impact on individuals, not least on older individuals with health problems. A lack of support network and poor family or social relations may be crucial in later life, and represent risk factors for elder abuse. This study focused on the associations between social support, demographics/socio-economics, health variables and elder mistreatment.

Methods

The cross-sectional data was collected by means of interviews or interviews/self-response during January-July 2009, among a sample of 4,467 not demented individuals aged 60–84 years living in seven European countries (Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Spain, and Sweden).

Results

Multivariate analyses showed that women and persons living in large households and with a spouse/partner or other persons were more likely to experience high levels of social support. Moreover, frequent use of health care services and low scores on depression or discomfort due to physical complaints were indicators of high social support. Low levels of social support were related to older age and abuse, particularly psychological abuse.

Conclusions

High levels of social support may represent a protective factor in reducing both the vulnerability of older people and risk of elder mistreatment. On the basis of these results, policy makers, clinicians and researchers could act by developing intervention programmes that facilitate friendships and social activities in old age.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 8, no 1, e54856- p.
Keyword [en]
adult; age; aged; article; controlled study; cross-sectional study; depression; elder abuse; elderly care; female; Germany; Greece; health status; human; interview; Italy; Lithuania; male; mental stress; physical disease; Portugal; social status; social support; Spain; Sweden; wellbeing
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-17958DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054856ISI: 000315563800083Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84873848521OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-17958DiVA: diva2:578993
Available from: 2012-12-19 Created: 2012-12-19 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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