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Pricing Inflation Derivatives: A survey of short rate- and market models
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics. (Matematisk statistik)
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis presents an overview of strategies for pricing inflation derivatives. The paper is structured as follows. Firstly, the basic definitions and concepts such as nominal-, real- and inflation rates are introduced. We introduce the benchmark contracts of the inflation derivatives market, and using standard results from no-arbitrage pricing theory, derive pricing formulas for linear contracts on inflation. In addition, the risk profile of inflation contracts is illustrated and we highlight how it’s captured in the models to be studied in the paper.

We then move on to the main objective of the thesis and present three approaches for pricing inflation derivatives, where we focus in particular on two popular models. The first one, is a so called HJM approach, that models the nominal and real forward curves and relates the two by making an analogy to domestic and foreign fx rates. By the choice of volatility functions in the HJM framework, we produce nominal and real term structures similar to the popular interest-rate derivatives model of Hull-White. This approach was first suggested by Jarrow and Yildirim[1] and it’s main attractiveness lies in that it results in analytic pricing formulas for both linear and non-linear benchmark inflation derivatives.

The second approach, is a so called market model, independently proposed by Mercurio[2] and Belgrade, Benhamou, and Koehler[4]. Just like the - famous - Libor Market Model, the modeled quantities are observable market entities, namely, the respective forward inflation indices. It is shown how this model as well - by the use of certain approximations - can produce analytic formulas for both linear and non-linear benchmark inflation derivatives.

The advantages and shortcomings of the respective models are eveluated. In particular, we focus on how well the models calibrate to market data. To this end, model parameters are calibrated to market prices of year-on-year inflation floors; and it is evaluated how well market prices can be recovered by theoretical pricing with the calibrated model parameters. The thesis is concluded with suggestions for possible extensions and improvements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 55 p.
TRITA-MAT-E, 2012:13
National Category
Probability Theory and Statistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-107428OAI: diva2:578792
Subject / course
Mathematical Statistics
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Computer Science and Technology
Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Available from: 2012-12-19 Created: 2012-12-11 Last updated: 2012-12-19Bibliographically approved

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