Multiple Roles for UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8 in Regulating Gene Expression and Metabolite Accumulation in Arabidopsis under Solar UV Radiation
2013 (English)In: Plant Physiology, ISSN 0032-0889, E-ISSN 1532-2548, Vol. 161, 744-759 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Photomorphogenic responses triggered by low fluence rates of ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B, 280-315 nm) are mediated by the UV-B photoreceptor UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8 (UVR8). Beyond our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of UV-B perception by UVR8, there is still limited information on how the UVR8 pathway functions under natural sunlight. Here, wild-type Arabidopsis thaliana and the uvr8-2 mutant were used in an experiment outdoors where UV-A (315-400 nm) and UV-B irradiances were attenuated using plastic films. Gene expression, PYRIDOXINE BIOSYNTHESIS 1 (PDX1) accumulation and leaf metabolite signatures were analyzed. The results show that UVR8 is required for transcript accumulation of genes involved in UV protection, oxidative stress, hormone signal transduction and defence against herbivores under solar UV. Under natural UV-A irradiance, UVR8 is likely to interact with UV-A/blue light signaling pathways to moderate UV-B driven transcript and PDX1 accumulation. UVR8 both positively and negatively affects UV-A-regulated gene expression and metabolite accumulation, but is required for the UV-B induction of phenolics. Moreover, UVR8-dependent UV-B acclimation during the early stages of plant development may enhance normal growth under long-term exposure to solar UV.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 161, 744-759 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject Biochemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-26698OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-26698DiVA: diva2:578724