Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Extending the Energy efficiency gap
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Energy Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Energy Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7694-7397
2012 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 51, 392-396 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In order to reach the EU: s 20–20–20 primary energy savings target, energy efficiency needs to increase. Previous research on energy use and energy efficiency has focused mainly on the diffusion of energy efficient technologies. The discrepancy between optimal and actual implementation of energy efficient technologies has been illustrated in numerous articles and is often referred to as the energy efficiency gap. However, efficient technologies are not the only ways to increase energy efficiency. Empirical studies have found that a cost-effective way to improve energy efficiency is to combine investments in energy-efficient technologies with continuous energy management practices. By including energy management into an estimated energy efficiency potential this paper introduces an extended energy efficiency gap, mainly in manufacturing industries and the commercial sector. The inclusion of energy management components in future energy policy will play an important role if the energy savings targets for 2020, and later 2050, are to be met in the EU.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012. Vol. 51, 392-396 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-86546DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2012.08.042ISI: 000312620000042OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-86546DiVA: diva2:578718
Available from: 2012-12-18 Created: 2012-12-18 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Efficient improvement of energy efficiency in small and medium- sized Swedish firms
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Efficient improvement of energy efficiency in small and medium- sized Swedish firms
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This is a dissertation about efficient implementation of energy efficiency measures in small and medium-sized Swedish firms. The aim is to investigate the potential for economically efficient implementation of energy efficiency improvement measures in small and medium-sized firms. The thesis contains five papers that analyse different aspects that have been put forth in policy documents and academic debate as  methods to improve energy efficiency in non-energy intensive sectors.

By reading policy documents, interviewing representatives of small and medium- sized firms and energy auditors as well as analysing data from the Swedish energy audit program, different aspects of energy management practices, energy services and energy audits are considered. The thesis is the product of an interdisciplinary context but economic theory is at the foundation of the analysis and has helped formulate questions and hypotheses that have been tested and explored with the data.

The results show that while the potential for improving energy efficiency in the small and medium- sized sector in Sweden is large there are challenges to realizing it in each individual firm. There is potential for improving energy efficiency in the sector and not just for investments in new technology but also for adjusting existing machinery and changing behaviour, but costs for investigating the potential and implementing the measures are large relative to the improvement potential in each company. Energy management practices in this sector are lacking and energy services will only be demanded if reduction in production cost is estimated larger than transaction costs of the service. The Swedish energy audit program has led to the implementation of energy efficiency improvements in the participating firms but compared to other policy instruments it has been a less cost-efficient way to improve energy efficiency in Sweden.

Abstract [sv]

Detta är en avhandling om effektiv implementering av energieffektiviseringsåtgärder i svenska små och medelstora företag. Syftet är att undersöka och diskutera potentialen för att på ett ekonomiskt effektivt sätt öka implementering av energieffektiva åtgärder i svenska företag. Avhandlingen består av fem papper som analyserar olika aspekter som framförts som möjliga tillvägagångssätt för att öka graden av energieffektivitet i icke-energiintensiva sektorer.

Genom att studera styrmedelsdokument, intervjua representanter för små medelstora företag och energikartläggare samt att studera data från det svenska energikartläggningsstödet har potentialen för energiledning, energitjänster och energikartläggningar undersökts. Avhandlingen är en produkt av en tvärvetenskaplig kontext men med en ekonomisk teoretisk tyngdpunkt som hjälpt formulera frågeställningar och hypoteser.

Resultaten visar att trots att det finns en stor potential för att öka graden av energieffektivitet i svenska små och medelstora företag så är det svårt att komma åt den i enskillda företag. Det finns energieffektiviserings potentialer både i nya investeringar och i energiledningsåtgärder, som att justera teknik och ändra beteenden, men kostnaderna för att undersöka dessa potentialer och implementera åtgärder är stora relativt kostnadsbesparingarna i varje enskilt företag. Energiledningsrutiner brister i sektorn och energitjänster kommer enbart att efterfrågas om kostnadsminskningarna bedöms större än transaktionskostnader förknippade med tjänsten. Det svenska energikartläggningsstödet har lett till ökad implementering av energieffektiva åtgärder men kostnaderna är högre jämfört med andra styrmedel för att öka energieffektivitet i Sverige.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2014. 59 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1634
Keyword
Energy efficiency potential, small and medium- sized firms, energy management, energy audits, energy services, Energieffektiviseringspotential, små och medelstora företag, energiledning, energikartläggningar, energitjänster
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112269 (URN)978-91-7519-179-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-12-12, ACAS, A-huset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-11-20 Created: 2014-11-20 Last updated: 2015-01-30Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(301 kB)1165 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 301 kBChecksum SHA-512
31f68b34982da8d83429ea444ae989ae193ad96e29428b406672292bc4f2f1037e05a758f8ebab0b9fb586230d6a9af2f7b6c449e11de05a7ca1ec5bc23c3ee9
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Backlund, SandraThollander, PatrikOttosson, MikaelPalm, Jenny
By organisation
Energy SystemsThe Institute of TechnologyBusiness AdministrationFaculty of Arts and SciencesTechnology and Social Change
In the same journal
Energy Policy
Engineering and TechnologySocial Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 1165 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 837 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf