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Ground vibrations due to pile and sheet pile driving: prediction models of today
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Soil and Rock Mechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7763-0348
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Highway and Railway Engineering.
2012 (English)In: Proceedings of the 22nd European Young Geotechnical Engineers Conference / [ed] Victoria Svahn and Tara Wood, Gothenburg: Swedish Geotechnical Society , 2012, 107-112 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

As part of aconstruction work pile and sheet pile driving unavoidably generates vibrations.As of today construction works are often located in urban areas and along withsociety’s increasing concern of environmental impact the need for vibrationprediction prior to construction is of immediate interest. This study presents a review of the predictionmodels existing today. For prediction of ground vibrations from pile and sheetpile driving there are roughly three different types of models; empirical models,theoretical models and engineering models. A prediction model should bereliable in all cases where it is meant to be used. It is also important thatit is relatively easy to use and that the input data is easily obtained. Thisstudy concludes that, as of today, there is a lack of such a model. Today’smodels either lack in reliability or require great amounts of input data,knowledge and skills as well as time and money. The findings within this study constitutethe initial part of an on-going research project at the division of Soil- and RockMechanics at the Royal Institute of Technology in cooperation with the DevelopmentFund of the Swedish Construction Industry and NCC Construction Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Gothenburg: Swedish Geotechnical Society , 2012. 107-112 p.
, SGF Rapport, ISSN 1103-7237 ; 1:2012
Keyword [en]
ground vibrations, pile driving, vibration prediction, pile, sheet pile, prediction model
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-107746ISBN: 978-91-637-1435-1OAI: diva2:577824
22nd European Young Geotechnical Engineers Conference, Gothenburg, Sweden, 26-29 August 2012

QC 20130110

Available from: 2013-01-10 Created: 2012-12-17 Last updated: 2014-01-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Ground vibrations due to pile and sheet pile driving: influencing factors, predictions and measurements
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ground vibrations due to pile and sheet pile driving: influencing factors, predictions and measurements
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Ground vibrations due to pile driving are part of a complex process. Vibration is generated from the pile driver to the pile. As the pile interacts with the surrounding soil, vibrations are transferred at the pile-soil interface. The vibration propagates through the ground and interacts with structures, both above ground and underground. The vibration continues into the structure where it may disturb occupants and/or damage the structure.

In this thesis the study of the vibration transfer process due to pile driving is limited to the vibration source and the wave propagation in the soil. Vibration transmission to adjacent buildings and structures is not studied. However, impact of vibrations on buildings is briefly discussed in the literature study.

It is important to accurately predict the magnitude of ground vibrations that result from pile driving in urban areas, both over- and underestimated vibration levels lead to increased costs. A lot of research has been performed within this field of knowledge, but a reliable and acknowledged prediction model for vibrations induced by pile or sheet pile driving is still needed.

The objective of the research project is to increase the knowledge and understanding in the field of ground vibrations due to impact and vibratory driving of piles and sheet piles. This research project also aims to develop a reliable prediction model that can be used by practising engineers to estimate vibration due to pile driving. This licentiate thesis presents the first part of the research project and aims to increase the knowledge and understanding of the subject and to form a basis for continued research work.

The most important findings and conclusions from this study are:

  • The main factors influencing vibrations due to pile and sheet pile driving are; (1) the vibrations transferred from the pile to the soil, (2) the geotechnical conditions at the site and (3) the distance from the source.
  • The vibrations transmitted from the pile to the soil depend on the vibrations transferred to the pile from the hammer, the pile-soil interaction and the wave propagation and attenuation in the plastic/elasto-plastic zone closest to the pile.
  • There is today no prediction model that fulfils the criteria of the “perfect” prediction model; reliable but yet easy to apply.

Future research should study the transfer of vibrations at the pile-soil interface, including the generation of a plastic/elasto-plastic zone in the area closest to the pile and how that affects the transfer of vibrations from the pile to the soil.

Abstract [sv]

Markvibrationer på grund av pålning är del av en komplex process. Vibrationer genereras från pålmaskinen till pålen. När pålen kommer i kontakt med den omgivande jorden överförs vibrationer mellan påle och jord. Vibrationerna fortplantar sig som vågor genom marken och träffar byggnader och andra konstruktioner, både ovan och under jord. Vibrationerna fortsätter in i byggnaden där de kan orsaka störningar eller skador.

I denna avhandling begränsas studien av vibrationsöverföringsprocessen till vibrationskällan och vågutbredningen i jord. Vibrationsöverföringen till intilliggande byggnader eller konstruktioner har inte studerats. Påverkan av vibrationer på byggnader diskuteras dock kort i litteraturstudien.

Det är viktigt att på ett tillförlitligt sätt kunna förutsäga markvibrationerna på grund av pålning i stadsmiljö, både över- och underskattade vibrationsnivåer leder till ökade kostnader. Forskning har tidigare utförts inom detta område, men en tillförlitlig och allmänt accepterad prognosmodell för vibrationer på grund av pålning eller spontning saknas fortfarande.

Syftet med forskningsprojektet är att öka kunskapen och förståelsen för markvibrationer som uppkommer vid installation genom slagning eller vibrering av pålar och spont. Forskningsprojektet syftar också till att utveckla en tillförlitlig prognosmodell som kan användas av yrkesverksamma ingenjörer för att uppskatta vibrationsnivåer orsakade av pålning. Denna licentiatavhandling presenterar den första delen av forskningsprojektet och syftar till att öka kunskapen och förståelsen inom ämnesområdet samt att skapa en plattform för det fortsatta forskningsarbetet.

De viktigaste resultaten och slutsatserna från denna studie är:

  • De huvudsakliga faktorer som påverkar vibrationer orsakade av pålning är; (1) de vibrationer som överförs från källan till jorden, (2) de geotekniska förhållandena på platsen och (3) avståndet från vibrationskällan (pålen).
  • Vibrationerna som överförs från pålen till jorden beror på de vibrationer som överförs från pålmaskinen till pålen, påle-jord interaktionen samt vågutbredning och dämpning i den plastiska/elasto-plastiska zonen som bildas närmast pålen.
  • Det finns idag ingen prognosmodell som uppfyller kriterierna för den ”perfekta” prognosmodellen; tillförlitlig men ändå lätt att tillämpa.

Framtida forskning bör undersöka överföringen av vibrationer mellan påle och jord, innefattande uppkomsten av en plastisk/elasto-plastisk zon närmast pålen och hur det påverkar vibrationsöverföringen från påle till jord.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. xv, 110 p.
Trita-JOB. LIC, ISSN 1650-951X ; 2019
ground vibration, pile, sheet pile, prediction, markvibrationer, påle, spont, prediktion
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-119291 (URN)978-91-7501-660-3 (ISBN)
2013-04-03, Sal B1, Brinellvägen 23, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)

QC 20130314

Available from: 2013-03-14 Created: 2013-03-12 Last updated: 2013-03-14Bibliographically approved

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