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Author:
Cernvall, Martin (Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care)
Skogseid, Ellen (Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care)
Ljungman, Lisa (Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care)
Ljungman, Gustaf (Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics) (Susanne Pfeifer)
von Essen, Louise (Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care) (Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology)
Title:
The relationship between traumatic stress, experiential avoidance, and depression in parents of children recently diagnosed with cancer
Department:
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Psychosocial oncology and supportive care
Publication type:
Conference paper, Poster (Refereed)
Language:
English
In:
12th international Congress of Behavioral Medicine, 29 August - 1 September 2012, Budapest Hilton Hungary: Program Book
Conference:
12th international Congress of Behavioral Medicine (ICBM), August 29th-September 1st, 2012, Budapest, Hungary
Pages:
138-138
Year of publ.:
2012
URI:
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-188251
Permanent link:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-188251
Subject category:
Medical and Health Sciences
Abstract(en) :

Parents of children recently diagnosed with cancer can experience severe psychosocial distress. Experiential avoidance has been defined as the tendency to avoid or escape from certain private experiences (e.g., thoughts, feelings, memories) or contexts that elicit them (Hayes et al., 1996). This construct has been shown to be linked to distress in several populations and has received increased interest as a target for intervention. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between traumatic stress, experiential avoidance, and depression in parents of children recently diagnosed with cancer. It was hypothesized that experiential avoidance would account for the relationship between traumatic stress and depression. 

48 parents (33 mothers and 15 fathers) of children recently diagnosed with cancer and who participated in the screening/pre-assessment of a RCT of a psychosocial intervention were included in the current cross-sectional study. The mean (SD) of months since the child’s diagnosis was 3.5 (1.8). Parents provided self-report of demographic characteristics, general anxiety, traumatic stress, experiential avoidance, and depression.

Hierarchical regression was used with depression as dependent variable. In step 1 demographic variables and general anxiety was entered (∆R2 = .57, p < .001). In step 2 traumatic stress was added resulting in a significant increase in explained variance (∆R2 = .04, p < .05, β for traumatic stress = 0.39, p < .05). In step 3 experiential avoidance was added resulting in a significant increase in explained variance (∆R2 = .06, p < .05, β for experiential avoidance = 0.35, p < .05). Furthermore, traumatic stress was no longer a significant predictor of depression (β = 0.15, p = 40). Total R2 in the final model was .68. Mediation analysis (Preacher & Hayes, 2008) confirmed a significant indirect effect from traumatic stress to depression via experiential avoidance (estimate = 0.21, bootstrap 95% CI = 0.03-0.38). 

The current results suggest that experiential avoidance accounts for the relationship between traumatic stress and depression in parents of children recently diagnosed with cancer. Experiential avoidance could be a potential target in psychosocial interventions for this group.

Available from:
2012-12-14
Created:
2012-12-14
Last updated:
2013-07-24
Statistics:
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