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Growth of TiN on WC surfaces
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The growth of TiN on cemented carbide, deposited by chemical vapour deposition (CVD), was studied. Today TiN is used as a seeding layer between the cemented carbide and the following layer. Previous experiments have shown that the coverage is uneven on the cemented carbide surface showing pits with a different growth than the main part of the surface. These pits most likely occur on some of the WC surfaces. Therefore the growth and orientation relation between the two phases were examined.

Cemented carbide specimens were deposited with TiN under two different pressures and with different deposition time to give a layer as thick as the seeding layer used in the production and one about ten times thicker to study growth after the whole surface had been covered. Two pre-treatments where used on the specimens; one which were polishing with diamond and the other where the specimens were boiled in acid to remove the binder phase and expose the WC surfaces.

The specimens were studied using XRD and a SEM equipped with EDS and EBSD detectors. The pictures taken with SEM showed that initial growth occurred at grain boundaries and polishing scratches. It also showed that growth occurred on all surfaces, which were confirmed by EDS. Both processes showed about the same appearance in the thinner layers but very different appearance in the thicker. This was confirmed by XRD were the thinner layers showed about the same result while the thicker ones differ from one another. Thus further growth is dependent on the parameters of the CVD process and not the surface beneath.

EBSD showed an orientation relation between TiN and WC crystals in both processes. The process at lower pressure gave much finer grains which were difficult to index with EBSD, giving results in only three points. The process at higher pressure gave coarser grains which were more easily indexed. The relations WC{0001}-TiN{110}, giving WC{101̅0}-TiN{100}, and WC{0001}-TiN{111}, giving WC{101̅0}-TiN{211}, could be seen in more than one point. These results are consistent with previous studies of the growth of TiC on WC.

This comparison between TiC and TiN makes it possible to draw the conclusion that also Ti(C,N) should behave the same. It also shows an orientation relation that is consistent no matter what WC plane is on the surface. The poor growth and the pits depend on the growth orientation of TiN on each specific WC surface.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 33 p.
Series
UPTEC K, ISSN 1650-8297 ; 12025
Keyword [en]
TiN, WC, cemented carbide, CVD
National Category
Other Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-188243OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-188243DiVA: diva2:576955
External cooperation
Seco Tools
Educational program
Master Programme in Chemical Engineering
Uppsok
Technology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-01-04 Created: 2012-12-14 Last updated: 2013-01-04Bibliographically approved

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