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Off-ice vs. on-ice: Hopptesters samband med skridskoåkning i ishockey
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, Department of Sport and Health Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Off-ice vs. on-ice : relationship between jump tests and skating in ice hockey (English)
Abstract [en]

Aim

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between off-ice horizontal jump tests and on-ice skating among students at hockey high schools. Questions: What is the association between the performance on horizontal jumps and skating 10 meters standing start among students in Swedish ice hockey high schools? What is the association between the performance on horizontal jumps and skating 10 meters flying start among students in Swedish ice hockey high schools?

Method

Students at three ice hockey high schools in the Stockholm area participated in the study. Two schools were national approved sports educations and one at lower level. All 50 students (41 at national approved sports educations and 9 lower level) that were included in the study were men and went year one and two in gymnasium. Horizontal jump test, standing long jump, standing long jump on one leg (right and left) and standing five step jump was carried out off-ice. A 40-meter sprint skating was on-ice, where times for standing 0-10 meters and flying 10 meters were used in further analysis. The degree of linear relationship between the variables on-ice skating and off-ice tests were measured using Pearson's correlation coefficient.

Results

Standing long jump on one leg (right and left) was highly correlated to both skating 0-10 meters standing start (r = -0.599) and skating 10 meters flying start (r = -0.635) among all skaters in this study. The respective associations with standing five step jump were r = -0.467 and r = -0.582 whereas for standing long jump they were r = -0.459 and r = -0.599. Conclusions Standing long jump on one leg (right and left) correlates best with skating, both the 0-10 meters standing start, and the 10 meters flying start. Generally, there was a higher correlation between the three jump tests and skating 10 meters flying start than 0-10 meters standing start. Based on this study's results, we consider that the standing long jump on one leg (right and left) should be included in the test battery that national approved sports educations colleges conduct.

Abstract [sv]

Syfte och frågeställningar

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka samband mellan horisontella hopptester off-ice och on-ice skridskoåkning hos ishockeyspelare på svenska ishockeygymnasier. Frågeställningar: Hur ser sambandet ut mellan prestationer i horisontella hopp och skridskoåkning 10 meter stående start bland elever på svenska ishockeygymnasier? Hur ser sambandet ut mellan prestationer i horisontella hopp och skridskoåkning 10 meter flygande start bland elever på svenska ishockeygymnasier?

Metod

Elever på tre ishockeygymnasier i Stockholmsområdet deltog i studien. Två skolor var Nationellt godkänd idrottsutbildning (NIU) och ett på lokal nivå. Alla 50 elever (41 på NIU och 9 på lokal nivå) som ingick i studien var män och gick år ett och två på gymnasiet. Horisontella hopptester, så som stående längdhopp, stående längdhopp på ett ben samt stående femsteg genomfördes off-ice. Ett sprinttest 40 meter skridskoåkning genomfördes on-ice, där tider för stående 0-10 meter samt flygande 10 meter användes i vidare analys. Graden av linjärt samband mellan variablerna on-ice skridskoåkning och off-ice testerna mättes med hjälp av Pearsons korrelationskoefficient.

Resultat

Stående längdhopp på ett ben (höger och vänster) hade en hög korrelation både mot skridskoåkning 0-10 meter stående start (r = -0,599) och skridskoåkning 10 meter flygande start (r = -0,635) bland alla utespelare i denna studie. Sambanden med stående femsteg var r = -0,467 respektive r = -0,582, medan sambanden med stående längdhopp var r = -0,459 respektive r = -0,599.

Slutsats

Stående längdhopp på ett ben (höger och vänster) korrelerar bäst med skridskoåkning, både mot 0-10 meter stående start och mot 10 meter flygande start. Generellt finns ett högre samband mellan de tre hopptesterna och skridskoåkning 10 meter flygande start än 0-10 meter stående start. Utifrån denna studies resultat anser vi att stående längdhopp på ett ben (höger och vänster) bör införas i det testbatteri som NIU-gymnasierna genomför.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 30 p.
Series
Examensarbete, 2012:93
Keyword [sv]
Ishockey
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:gih:diva-2543OAI: oai:DiVA.org:gih-2543DiVA: diva2:576685
Educational program
Physical Education Teaching
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-12-13 Created: 2012-12-13 Last updated: 2012-12-13Bibliographically approved

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