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Evaluation of injectable constructs for bone repair with a subperiosteal cranial model in the rat
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Chemistry - Ångström, Polymer Chemistry.
(Tissue Biology Research Unit, Department of Surgery, University Children's Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland)
(Laboratory of Host Defense, WPI Immunology Frontier Research Center (IFReC), Osaka University, Osaka, Japan)
(Biomaterials, Radboud University, Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, Netherlands)
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2013 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 8, 140 p.e71683- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While testing regenerative medicine strategies, the use of animal models that match the research questions and that are related to clinical translation is crucial. During the initial stage of evaluating new strategies for bone repair, the main goal is to state whether the strategies efficiently induce the formation of new bone tissue at an orthotopic site. Here, we present a subperiosteal model in rat calavria that allow the evaluation of a broad range of approaches including bone augmentation, replacement and regeneration. Easy and fast to perform, the model is minimally invasive and no defect are created. The procedure enables to evaluate the outcomes quantitatively using micro-computed tomography and qualitatively by histology and immunohistochemistry. For establishing the model, we used bone morphogenetic protein-2 as an osteoinductive factor and hyaluronic acid hydrogel as injectable biomaterial. We showed that this subperiosteal cranial model offers a minimally invasive and promising solution for a rapid evaluation of bone tissue engineering strategies, even for investigator with limited experience in orthopedic surgery. We believe that this approach could be a powerful platform for orthopedic research and regenerative medicine.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 8, no 8, 140 p.e71683- p.
Keyword [en]
Subperiosteal rat model, Minimally invasive surgery, Regenerative medicine, Bone repairr matrix, Hyaluronan, Animal model
National Category
Biomaterials Science Orthopedics
Research subject
Orthopaedics; Surgery; Engineering Science; Engineering Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-188001DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0071683ISI: 000323115800075OAI: diva2:576633
Available from: 2012-12-13 Created: 2012-12-12 Last updated: 2013-09-16Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Bone Enhancement with BMP-2 for Safe Clinical Translation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bone Enhancement with BMP-2 for Safe Clinical Translation
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) is considered a promising adjuvant for the treatment of bone regeneration. However, BMP-2 delivery in a conventional collagen scaffold needs a high dose to achieve an effective outcome. Moreover, such dosage may lead to serious side effects. The aim of the following thesis was to find clinically acceptable strategies reducing the required dose of BMP-2 by improving the delivery and optimizing the preclinical testing of the new approaches. In all the studies hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrogels was used as a carrier for BMP-2.

The HA hydrogel/BMP-2 construct was modified with bioactive matrix components in order to obtain an effective release of BMP-2 and an enhanced bone formation. The most promising were two strategies. In the first one, BMP-2, precomplexed with the glycosaminoglycans dermatan sulfate or heparin prior to loading it into HA hydrogel, protected and prolonged the delivery of the protein, resulting in twofold larger bone formation in comparison to non-complexed BMP-2. In the second strategy, the fibronectin fragment integrin-binding domain (FN) was covalently incorporated into HA hydrogel. The FN remarkably improved the capacity of the material to support the cells attachment and spreading, providing the formation of twice as much bone in comparison to non-functionalized HA hydrogel/BMP-2.

Furthermore, the importance of a proper design of the preclinical study for BMP-2 delivery systems was highlighted. Firstly, proper physicochemical handling of BMP-2 showed the improvement in further in vivo activity.  The use of glass storage vials and an acidic formulation buffer was superior to plastic surfaces and physiological pH. Secondly, while regenerative medicine strategy testing required the use of animal models that matched the research questions related to clinical translation, two new animal models were developed. The subperiosteal mandibular and calvarial models in rats were found to be minimally invasive, convenient and rapid solution for the evaluation of a broad range of approaches including bone augmentation, replacement and regeneration. Both models are primarily relevant for the initial testing of the injectable bone engineering constructs. 

Those clinically translatable approaches presented here could prove to be a powerful platform for a wider use of BMP-2 in orthopedic, plastic surgery and regenerative medicine research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2013. 74 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1009
Bone repair, Bone healing, Bone morhogenetic protein-2, Osteogenesis, Extracelular matrix, Hyaluronan, Animal model
National Category
Orthopedics Biomaterials Science
Research subject
Orthopaedics; Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-188027 (URN)978-91-554-8572-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-02-08, Museum Gustavianum - Auditorium Minus, Akademigatan 3, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Available from: 2013-01-18 Created: 2012-12-12 Last updated: 2013-02-11Bibliographically approved

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