Techno-economic evaluation of a mechanical pulp mill with gasification
2013 (English)In: Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, ISSN 0283-2631, Vol. 28, no 3, 349-357 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Mechanical pulping processes, including thermomechanical pulp (TMP), groundwood (SGW andPGW), and chemithermomechanical pulp (CTMP) processes, each have a very high wood-to-pulp yield. Producing pulp by means of these processes is a prerequisite for paper (such as printing paper and paperboard) grades requiring high printability and stiffness. However, mechanical pulping processes consume a great amount of electricity, which may account for up to 40% of the total pulp production cost.
In mechanical pulping mills, wood (biomass) residues are commonly utilized for electricity production through an associated combined heat and power (CHP) plant. This techno-economic evaluation deals with the possibility of utilizing a biomass integrated gasification combined cycle (BIGCC) plant in place of the CHP plant.
Implementing BIGCC in a mechanical pulp production line might greatly improve the overall energy efficiency and cost-effectiveness, especially when more biomass from forest (such as branches and tree tops) is available. When the fibre material that negatively affects pulp properties is utilized as a bioenergy resource, the overall efficiency will be further improved. A TMP+BIGCC mathematical model is developed with ASPEN Plus. By means of modeling, three cases are studied:
1) adding more forest biomass logging residues in the gasifier,2) adding the reject fibres in the gasifier, and3) decreasing the TMP-specific electricity consumption (SEC) by up to 50%.
For a TMP+BIGCC mill, the energy supply and consumption are analyzed in comparison with a TMP+CHP mill. The production profits are evaluated.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 28, no 3, 349-357 p.
Gasification, Mechanical Pulping, Power Generation, Biomass Residues, ASPEN Plus
Chemical Process Engineering Chemical Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-17702ISI: 000325145900004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:miun-17702DiVA: diva2:576612
In Jie He's Licentiate thesis the submitted version of this article is appended2012-12-132012-12-132014-09-16Bibliographically approved