Sustainable Energy and Climate Strategies: lessons from planning processes in five municipalities
2012 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Other academic)
Swedish municipalities have traditionally had significant powers and played a major role in implementing national energy strategies. This paper describes the factors influencing development of municipal climate and energy plans in five Swedish municipalities and assesses the relevance and importance of these factors from theoretical and practical perspectives. The questions raised in the paper are: what are the characteristics of municipal climate and energy planning processes in the five Swedish municipalities, how do municipalities include stakeholders in the process, and in what ways do stakeholders influence outcomes? Results suggest that a number of key factors influence the development of municipal climate and energy strategies and their content. These include the importance of a clear, shared vision and engaged politicians; the size and organisational structure of the municipality and its willingness and capability to act; the organisation of the process and extent to which stakeholders have been involved and feel included; the need for clarity about financial aspects, such as planned financing of implementation; the need for greater clarity concerning selection of targets and their relevance to global climate and energy trends. By illustrating the characteristics of the municipal climate and energy planning processes in five Swedish municipalities, the study makes a contribution to the research on local governments and sustainable development in general, and specifically to the growing literature on municipal climate and energy planning. The study and its results may be used to inform policy-makers on the national and local levels about the factors influencing municipal energy planning and the importance of involving stakeholders and citizens in the strategic work to reduce climate impacts and energy consumption.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Energy and climate strategies, municipalities, stakeholders, planning processes
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-86263OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-86263DiVA: diva2:576159
Greening of Industry Network Conference, 21-24 October 2012, Linköping, Sweden
ProjectsHEKSA - Sustainable Energy and Climate Strategies