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Facilitation of Industrial Symbiosis Development in a Swedish Region
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2012 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Today, sustainability of industrial regions and industrial networks is a challenge for business developers, policy makers, regional planners, local and governmental authorities and academic researchers. Because growing cities and industrial regions worldwide are intertwined with social, environmental, and economic advantages/disadvantages and challenges, in recent decades the ambition of industrial development and economic growth without environmental destruction has become a worldwide topic. To address this issue, a number of theories and pathways such as Industrial Ecology (IE) and its subfield Industrial Symbiosis (IS) toward sustainability of industrial regions and networks are being researched, examined and implemented.

The overall aim of this thesis is to explore how local connectedness amongst locally distributed firms in industrial areas can be facilitated using industrial symbiosis theory and tools. To address the overall aim, the facilitation of IS development in this thesis includes three focus areas: 1) using IS theory and tools for categorization, characterization, and definitions of different lines of IS development; 2) matching the supply and demand potential of regional CO2 resources through industrial collaboration; and 3) using geographic information systems (GIS).

Based on the research findings it is concluded that one approach for facilitating IS development is to apply IS theory and tools in an industrial region to find out whether any forms of IS already exist and what definitions of IS fit the area. Furthermore, it is also concluded that another approach for facilitating IS development could be matching the supply and demand potential of resources within industrial collaborations. However, availability and provision of relevant data and information plays an important role. In addition, it is seen that handling and developing existing regional data and information into a GIS-based format could contribute to facilitation of IS development. In general, it is seen that facilitating mechanism and facilitating organization are available, and should be coordinated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012. , 54 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1566
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85825Local ID: LiU-TEK-LIC-2012:50ISBN: 978-91-7519-719-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-85825DiVA: diva2:572929
Presentation
2012-11-27, ACAS, A-huset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-11-29 Created: 2012-11-29 Last updated: 2013-08-29Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Understanding the industrial network in Händelö/Norrköping, Sweden by applying Industrial Symbiosis theory and tools
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding the industrial network in Händelö/Norrköping, Sweden by applying Industrial Symbiosis theory and tools
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Today, industrial areas play an important role in sustainable development projects. One of the big challenges for societies today is to meet ambitious goals for industrial development and economic growth without destroying the environment, leading to both economic and environmental sustainability. To address this issue, several theories, pathways and approaches such as Industrial Ecology/Industrial Symbiosis (IE/IS) toward sustainability of industrial regions are researched, investigated, implemented, and practiced. The overall aim of the current paper is to describe, understand and analyse a specific industrial area and its development using IS theory and tools. The paper develops a literature review on different definitions, categorizations, and characterizations of IS development. In the empirical part, a description of the Händelö industrial area of the city of Norrköping concerning how this area has been developed, together with an industrial inventory including the processes and exchanges of energy, material and by-products, flows and streams into and out of Händelö/Norrköping is presented. This leads to better understanding of the existing and embedded potential in the region. Lastly, by utilizing and applying definitions, categorization, and characterization of industrial symbiosis the paper tries to recognize and pinpoint the industrial activities already formed in Händelö/Norrköping.

Keyword
Industrial symbiosis/network, Händelö/Norrköping, Sweden, sustainable industrial region
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85822 (URN)
Available from: 2012-11-29 Created: 2012-11-29 Last updated: 2012-11-29Bibliographically approved
2. Utilization of industrial CO2 emissions by matching the supply and demand potential within industrial collaboration/symbiosis in a Swedish region
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utilization of industrial CO2 emissions by matching the supply and demand potential within industrial collaboration/symbiosis in a Swedish region
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A substantial amount of research is being done on environmental problems spotlighting climate change, ozone depletion and global warming caused by greenhouse gases (GHG) in general and CO2 emissions in particular. To tackle the problem a variety of reduction/prevention/utilization measures and approaches such as end-of-pipe technologies and proactive solutions are available. Collaborative pathways such as Industrial Ecology/Industrial Symbiosis (IE/IS), the core intention of which is engaging and collaborating in industrial activities toward minimizing waste, circular economy, resource efficiency, and “win-win” business opportunities, is approved as a proactive approach toward sustainable development. This article is about industrial CO2 emissions, specifically utilization of industrial CO2 emissions in Östergötland County in Sweden by matching the supply and demand potential through industrial collaboration. To do this, several steps are taken. First, the paper introduces several different pathways and approaches for combating the issue together with a short description of each. However, the approach of balancing the supply and demand potential in a collaborative and sustainable pathway such as industrial symbiosis will be the core of the paper. Then a description of IS together with a few worldwide practical and operational examples of industrial symbiosis leading to mitigating CO2 emissions is presented. In the next stage, which forms the empirical part of the paper, an attempt is made to map and enhance the potential of industrial CO2 emissions (supplying segment) together with the demand market. On the supply side, an inventory of the major regional emitters, including their respective industries and municipalities, the amount of CO2 emissions in “biogenic” and “fossil”  scenarios, the processes involved (incineration/combustion, fermentation, gas cleaning) and types of resources (renewable [biomass] or fossil) used are presented, while from the demand side the average amount of required CO2 in a Scandinavian perspective is given. Matching the total supply and demand potential revealed a major mismatch between the segments in which total country requirement can be fulfilled within just a small fraction of the regional supply.

Keyword
Industrial Symbiosis, Östergötland/Sweden, Utilization, Industrial CO2 emissions, matching supply and demand potential
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85823 (URN)
Available from: 2012-11-29 Created: 2012-11-29 Last updated: 2012-11-29Bibliographically approved
3. Using geographic information systems (GIS) to facilitate industrial symbiosis development in a Swedish region
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Using geographic information systems (GIS) to facilitate industrial symbiosis development in a Swedish region
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Sustainable regional development and sustainability of industrial networks are key issues for business developers, policy makers, regional planners, and local governments/authorities. Theories such as industrial ecology/symbiosis (IE/IS) have addressed the sustainability of industrial networks. Recent studies, however, show the vital role of geographic information systems (GIS) in facilitating IS development. GIS is applied to eco-industrial development for the purpose of spatial planning, decisionmaking, visualization, analysis and data management. This article is about using GIS to facilitate IS development in a Swedish region, with the goal of analyzing how GIS can be used to facilitate regional eco-industrial development. The article contains a literature review on how GIS has been applied in IS development by categorization and characterization along different lines of GIS and IS. The empirical part analyzes the Östergötland region by giving an overview of the region’s current situation and how existing systems, information, and organizations can be used in developing GIS for regional IS development. By matching the lessons learned from applications of GIS in IS with existing regional data and structure, the article discusses and analyzes what steps and procedures should be taken toward developing GIS systems to facilitate IS development, and if there are any probable gaps or omissions.

Keyword
Facilitation, Industrial Symbiosis, GIS, Sweden
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85824 (URN)
Available from: 2012-11-29 Created: 2012-11-29 Last updated: 2012-11-29Bibliographically approved

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