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The efficiency of public transport operations: An evaluation using stochastic frontier analysis
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2566-4183
2013 (English)In: Research in Transportation Economics, ISSN 0739-8859, Vol. 39, no 1, 50-57 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficiency of public transport operations undertaken in Swedish counties by the Public Transport Authorities (PTA), taking into account the substantial differences in operating conditions between counties. The analysis will be performed using Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA) with annual data from 1986 to 2009 for 26 Swedish counties. The analysis shows how the efficiency of the individual counties has changed over time. The results are used to provide a ranking (in terms of efficiency) of the Swedish public transport authorities that can provide a basis for benchmarking. It is concluded that the efficiency of the public transport providers in all counties fell during the observed time period. Defining cost efficiency as the ratio of minimum cost to observed cost, the overall (average) cost efficiency for the industry fell from 85.7% in the eighties to 60.4% for the period from 2000 to 2009. Possible explanations for the development include increased emphasis on route density as well as higher environmental and safety requirements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 39, no 1, 50-57 p.
Keyword [en]
Public transport, Cost, Stochastic frontier, Efficiency
National Category
Economics Transport Systems and Logistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85804DOI: 10.1016/j.retrec.2012.05.023OAI: diva2:572705
TrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives
Available from: 2012-11-28 Created: 2012-11-28 Last updated: 2014-10-08

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Holmgren, Johan
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Communications and Transport SystemsThe Institute of Technology
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