Sensitivity and Uncertainty Analysis of Boiling Water Reactor Stability Simulations
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The best estimate codes are used for licensing of Nuclear Power Plants (NPP), but with conservative assumptions. It is claimed that the uncertainties are covered by the conservatism of the calculation. Nowadays, it is possible to estimate certain parameters using non-conservative data with the complement of uncertainty evaluation, and these calculations can also be used for licensing. As NPPs are applying for power up-rates and life extension, new licensing calculations need to be performed. In this case, evaluation of the uncertainties could help improve the performance, while staying below the limit of the safety margins.
Given the problem of unstable behavior of Boiling Water Reactors (BWR), which is known to occur at certain power and flow conditions, it could cause SCRAM and decrease the economic performance of the plant. Performing an uncertainty analysis for BWR stability would give better understating of the phenomenon and it would help to verify and validate (V&V) the codes used to predict the NPP behavior.
This thesis, reports a sensitivity/uncertainty study of numerical, neutronics, and thermal-hydraulics parameters on the prediction of the BWR stability within the framework of OECD Ringhals-1 (R1 stable reactor) and OECD Oskarshamn-2 (O2 unstable reactor) stability benchmarks. The time domain code TRACE/PARCS was used in the analyses. This thesis is divided in three parts: space-time convergence; uncertainty; sensitivity.
A space-time convergence study was done for the numerical parameters (nodalization and time step). This was done by refining nodalization of all components and time step until obtaining space-time converged solution, i.e. further refinement doesn’t change the solution. When the space-time converged solutions were compared to the initial models, much better solution accuracy has been obtained for the stability measures (decay ratio and frequency), for both stable (R1) and unstable (O2) reactors with the space-time converged models.
Further on, important neutronics and thermal-hydraulics parameters were identified and an uncertainty calculation was performed using the Propagation of Input Errors (PIE) methodology. This methodology, also known as the GRS method, has been used because it has been extensively tested and verified by the industry, and because it allows identifying the most influential parameters using the spearman rank correlation method.
Using the uncertainty method’s results, an attempt has been done to identify the most influential parameters affecting the stability. A methodology using the spearman rank correlation coefficient has been implemented, which helps to identify the most influential parameters on the stability (decay ratio and frequency). Additional sensitivity calculations have been performed for better understanding of BWR stability and parameters that affect it.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. , xiv, 94 p.
Trita-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 2012:84
BWR Stability, Sensitivity, Uncertainty
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject SRA - Energy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-105866ISBN: 978-91-7501-565-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-105866DiVA: diva2:572638
2012-12-17, FA32, Alba Nova University Center, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Ivanov, Kostadin, Professor
Ma, Weimin, Dr.Kozlowski, Tomasz, Dr.
FunderEU, FP7, Seventh Framework ProgrammeStandUp
This work has been preformed thanks to the support of the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSM) and EU project NURISP. QC 201211292012-11-292012-11-282013-04-18Bibliographically approved
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