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Kartläggning av interventioner gällande munhälsa för sköra äldre personer
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
A survey regarding oral health care interventions for frail elderly persons (English)
Abstract [sv]

Fler människor lever allt längre idag än tidigare vilket ökar andelen sköra äldre i befolkningen. Sköra äldre personer har nedsatt autonomi och har ofta stort omvårdnadsbehov. Det har visat sig att många sköra äldre personer har nedsatt munhälsa och ökat tandvårdsbehov, vilket kan leda till stort fysiskt och psykiskt lidande. Det reformerade tandvårdsstödet infördes år 1999 i Sverige vilket innebar uppsökande verksamhet för att fånga upp äldre, sjuka och funktionshindrade med behov av tandvård. Det finns tecken som tyder på att denna reform inte nått ut i den utsträckning det var tänkt samt att vårdpersonal har bristfällig kunskap på området munhälsa. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att kartlägga de interventioner som gjorts med avseende munhälsa för sköra äldre personer. Metoden var systematisk litteraturstudie med deskriptiv design. Studien innefattar 15 artiklar av kvantitativ metod. Resultat: De interventioner för munhälsan hos sköra äldre som identifierades var: implementering av riktlinjer, utbildning av personal, tandkrämsprövningar, åtgärder utförda av tandhygienist/tandläkare, och anpassade åtgärder för personer med demenssjukdom.

 

Nyckelord: sköra äldre, demenssjukdom, oral hälsa, förebyggande tandvård.

 

Abstract [en]

More people are living longer than before, which increases the proportion of frail elderly people in the population. Frail elderly people have reduced autonomy and often have large nursing needs. It has been shown that many frail elderly people have impaired oral health and increased dental needs, which may lead to great physical and mental suffering. The reformed dental care support introduced in Sweden in the year of 1999 which meant outreach to capture the elderly, sick and disabled people in need of dental care. There is evidence that suggests that this reform has not reached out to the extent it was intended, and that health professionals have inadequate knowledge in the field of oral health. The purpose of this study was to identify the interventions made ​​regarding oral health for frail elderly persons. The method was systematic literature study with descriptive design. The study includes 15 articles of quantitative method. Results: The intervention for oral health in frail elderly identified was: implementation of guidelines, training/education of personnel, toothpaste trials, actions performed by the dental hygienist/dentist, and custom actions for people with dementia.

 

Keywords: frail elderly, dementia, oral health, preventive dentistry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-26498ISRN: ORU-IHM/OMV-AG-2013/0010--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-26498DiVA: diva2:571533
Subject / course
Omvårdnadsvetenskap
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-01-09 Created: 2012-11-22 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Kartläggning av interventioner gällande munhälsa för sköra äldre personer(842 kB)421 downloads
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Kraftling Wendin, Sanna
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