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Att vara anhörig till en demenssjuk familjemedlem
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Antalet personer som insjuknar i demenssjukdom ökar världen över. Behovet efter utbildad personal och sjuksköterskans ansvar att kunna ge stöd och hjälp till demenssjukas anhöriga ökar därför också då en demenssjukdom påverkar hela familjen.

Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva anhörigas upplevelser av att ha en nära familjemedlem med demenssjukdom.

Metod: En systematisk litteraturstudie enligt Evans (2002) analysmetod har använts för att analysera 12 stycken kvalitativa artiklar. Nyckelfynd sammanfördes och bildade tre teman och sex stycken subteman.

Resultat: Resultatet påvisar att anhöriga upplever blandade känslor av att en nära familjemedlem fått diagnosen demenssjukdom. Dessa upplevelser delades in i livet efter diagnosen, förluster och förändrad delaktighet till vården av den demenssjuke. Viljan att vårda sin familjemedlem, en förändrad vardag, förlust av kontroll, förlust av social samvaro och egen identitet, lämna över ansvaret och vara delaktig i vården på boendet var de subteman som uppkom.

Slutsats: I arbetet klargjordes en rad upplevelser anhöriga hade utifrån att ha en nära familjemedlem med demenssjukdom. Dessa upplevelser bör sjuksköterskan ta del av inför det stöd och den handledning som erbjuds anhöriga. Mer forskning bör göras angående den hjälp som ges till anhöriga till demenssjuka. 

Abstract [en]

Background: The number of people diagnosed with dementia is increasing worldwide. The need for trained personnel and the nurse's responsibility to provide support and assistance to families of people with dementia therefore increases since dementia affects the whole family.

Aim: The purpose is to describe the relatives' experiences of having a close family member with dementia.

Method: A systematic literature review of Evans (2002) analysis was used to analyze the 12 pieces of qualitative articles. Key findings were merged and formed three themes and six subthemes.

Results: The results indicate that families are experiencing mixed feelings of a close family member diagnosed with dementia. These experiences were divided into life after diagnosis, losses and changes in participation to the care of people suffering from dementia. The desire to care for their family member, a change in living, loss of control, loss of social interaction and self-identity, hand over responsibility and be involved in the care of the accommodation was the subthemes that arose.

Conclusion: This essay was made clear a number of relatives had experiences from having a close family member with dementia. These experiences should the nurse take note of for the support and guidance offered to relatives. More research should be done about the help given to families of people with dementia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 38 p.
Keyword [en]
demens, experience, family member, relative
Keyword [sv]
anhörig, demens, familjemedlem, upplevelser
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:mdh:diva-16198OAI: oai:DiVA.org:mdh-16198DiVA: diva2:571382
Subject / course
Caring Science
Uppsok
Medicine
Available from: 2012-11-28 Created: 2012-11-22 Last updated: 2012-11-28Bibliographically approved

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