Measurements for winter road maintenance
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Winter road maintenance activities are crucial for maintaining the accessibility and traffic safety of the road network at northerly latitudes during winter. Common winter road maintenance activities include snow ploughing and the use of anti-icing agents (e.g. road salt, NaCl). Since the local weather is decisive in creating an increased risk of slippery conditions, understanding the link between local weather and conditions at the road surface is critically important. Sensors are commonly installed along roads to measure road weather conditions and support road maintenance personnel in taking appropriate actions. In order to improve winter road maintenance, more precise information about road surface conditions is essential. In this thesis, different methods for estimation of road weather are developed, discussed and tested. The methods use the principles of infrared thermometry, image analysis and spectroscopy to describe ice formation, snow accumulation and road surface wetness in specific patches or along road sections. In practical applications, the methods could be used for better planning of snow clearing operations, forecasting of ice formation and spreading of road salt. Implementing the proposed methods could lead to lower maintenance costs, increased traffic safety and reduced environmental impact.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. , x, 45 p.
Trita-LWR. PHD, ISSN 1650-8602 ; 1069
winter road maintenance; sensors; infrared thermometry, energy efficiency, road salt
Other Civil Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-105152ISBN: 978-91-7501-566-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-105152DiVA: diva2:570114
2012-12-07, V1, Teknikringen 76, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Pasero, Eros, Professor
Jansson, Per-Erik, Professor
QC 201211162012-11-162012-11-162013-09-02Bibliographically approved
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