Open innovation in science parks: The influence of geographic proximity and other factors on firms’ collaboration
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Background: Due to the dynamic business environment and acceleration of technological renewal the need to pursue newest knowledge becomes crucial and more and more challenging for companies. Traditionally firms tended to keep R&D in-house but now they have to search for alternative approach to innovation, namely open innovation. Science parks are claimed to facilitate the process of inter-organizational collaboration and open innovation, in particular due to geographic proximity of on-park actors.
Aim: This research is aimed to investigate the influence of geographic proximity of companies situated within a science park on collaboration and open innovation initiatives. Apart from this, other factors in a science park environment that can have an effect on open innovation are studied as well. In particular, these issues are analyzed from the perspective of on-park small and medium enterprises.
Completion and results: This study revealed that geographic proximity of firms within one science park can influence open innovation to some extent. In particular, effects of certain mechanisms of geographic proximity were observed. However, all in all, geographic proximity does not have a decisive influence on inter-firm collaboration in Swedish science parks. Besides geographic proximity, other factors that may stimulate open innovation process for SMEs were analyzed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 83 p.
science park, open innovation, geographic proximity, interorganizational collaboration, small and medium enterprises
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-85274ISRN: LIU-IEI-FIL-A--12/01285--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-85274DiVA: diva2:567884
Subject / course
Master's Programme in Business Administration – Strategic
UppsokSocial and Behavioural Science, Law
Sjögren, Hans, Professor
Gustavsson, Peter, Docent