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Post Kyoto Protocol International Frameworks on Greenhouse-Gas Emissions: Does the Presence of Informal Economies Limit their Efficacy?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the informal economy’s greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions and whether it poses a problem to the effectiveness of international frameworks designed to reduce GHG emissions. With the results of a literature review conducted on the relation between the informal economy and regulations and results on 160 nations’ theoretical informal-economy emissions over time, this paper finds that the informal economy does hinder the ability of governments to manage GHG emissions. This paper then discusses how this aspect of the world’s economy limits the efficacy of international frameworks to reduce GHG emissions. Suggestions are made on how to incorporate this sector into the proposed frameworks. The paper concludes with summarizing the main findings and proposals for further research. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 61 p.
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för geovetenskaper, ISSN 1650-6553 ; 91
Keyword [en]
informal economy, greenhouse-gas emissions, sustainable development, international frameworks, market-based mechanisms
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-183384OAI: diva2:562535
Subject / course
Sustainable development
Educational program
Master Programme in Sustainable Development
2012-05-29, Norrland II, Department of Earth Sciences, Villavägen 16. 75 236, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Life Earth Science
Available from: 2012-11-09 Created: 2012-10-25 Last updated: 2012-11-09Bibliographically approved

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