Var är meningen?: Elevtexter och undervisningspraktiker
2012 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
This is about how pupils in years 4 to 6 of compulsory school and their teachers make meaning in teaching activities and texts. The aim of the study is to investigate the teaching and learning of writing and the pupils’ discursive texts. Another aim is to use linguistic theories and develop methods and analytical concepts for studying teaching practices.
Sources for the material are the teaching practices in two classes, the teachers and the pupils. The field studies lasted for two years, consisting of observations and interviews. Twelve pupils’ texts and four writing projects are studied in depth.
The theoretical framework is linked to systemic functional linguistics, critical discourse analysis, dialogical conception of language and new literacy studies. Analytical tools are also derived from rhetorical structure theory, relief theory and theory of text sequences. These tools have been adapted and are also applied in the analysis of the teaching practice. To analyse pupils’ meaning making in their texts, a theory of mobility in texts is used.
The analyses show two different categories of texts and teaching practices. The hierarchically composed texts are characterized by hierarchies concerning the entire text. The sequentially coupled texts are characterized by many vague relations between text entities. One conclusion is that the students in the hierarchically composed texts develop knowledge during writing. They make meaning recursively when writing and they seem to grasp the text as a whole in a way they do not in the sequentially coupled ones. In the sequentially coupled texts, pupils seem to develop knowledge mostly before they write the text, rather than during the writing. In the hierarchically composed practice the pupils deepen their knowledge about text.
The result can be interpreted as showing that pupils primarily need education about global text levels in order to develop text knowledge and subject knowledge. Teaching practice seems to promote all pupils’ meaning making if the practice is characterized by many interpersonal relations in the chains of spoken and written texts and if pupils learn to write texts that can structure their meaning making in a functional way.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2012. , 287 p.
Linnaeus University Dissertations, 101/2012
teaching and learning writing, meaning making, pupils’ texts, upper primary school, discursive practice, literacy practice, argumentative text, explanatory text, rhetorical structure theory, relief theory
skrivundervisning, skrivlärande, meningsskapande, elevtexter, mellanstadiet, diskursiv praktik, skriftpraktik, argumenterande text, förklarande text, retorisk strukturteori, reliefteori
Languages and Literature
Research subject Humanities, Swedish Didactics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-22166ISBN: 978-91-86983-83-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-22166DiVA: diva2:562114
2012-11-23, Homeros, Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö, 13:15 (Swedish)
Matre, Synnøve, professor
Byrman, Gunilla, professorKrogh, Ellen