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Moving object detection in urban environments
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Successful and high precision localization is an important feature for autonomous vehicles in an urban environment. GPS solutions are not good on their own and laser, sonar and radar are often used as complementary sensors. Localization with these sensors requires the use of techniques grouped under the acronym SLAM (Simultaneous Localization And Mapping). These techniques work by comparing the current sensor inputs to either an incrementally built or known map, also adding the information to the map.Most of the SLAM techniques assume the environment to be static, which means that dynamics and clutter in the environment might cause SLAM to fail. To ob-tain a more robust algorithm, the dynamics need to be dealt with. This study seeks a solution where measurements from different points in time can be used in pairwise comparisons to detect non-static content in the mapped area. Parked cars could for example be detected at a parking lot by using measurements from several different days.The method successfully detects most non-static objects in the different test datasets from the sensor. The algorithm can be used in conjunction with Pose-SLAM to get a better localization estimate and a map for later use. This map is good for localization with SLAM or other techniques since only static objects are left in it.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 54 p.
Keyword [en]
3D LiDAR, motion detection, moving object detection, urban environment, change detection, SLAM, dynamic environment
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-84734ISRN: LiTH-ISY-EX--12/4630--SEOAI: diva2:561482
Subject / course
Automatic Control
Available from: 2012-10-22 Created: 2012-10-18 Last updated: 2012-10-22Bibliographically approved

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