Investigation and Optimization of the Acoustic Performance of Exhaust Systems
2012 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
There is a strong competition among automotive manufacturers to reduce the radiated noise levels. One important source is the engine exhaust where the main noise control strategy is by using efficient mufflers. Stricter vehicle noise regulations combined with various exhaust gas cleaning devices, removing space for traditional mufflers, are also creating new challenges. Thus, it is crucial to have efficient models and tools to design vehicle exhaust systems. In addition the need to reduce CO2 emissions puts requirements on the losses and pressure drop in exhaust systems. In this thesis a number of problems relevant for the design of modern exhaust systems for vehicles are addressed. First the modelling of perforated mufflers is investigated. Fifteen different configurations were modeled and compared to measurements using 1D models. The limitations of using 1D models due to 3D or non-plane wave effects are investigated. It is found that for all the cases investigated the 1D model is valid at least up to half the plane wave region. But with flow present, i.e., as in the real application the 3D effects are much less important and then normally a 1D model works well. Another interesting area that is investigated is the acoustic performance of after treatment devices. Diesel engines produce harmful exhaust emissions and high exhaust noise levels. One way of mitigating both exhaust emissions and noise is via the use of after treatment devices such as Catalytic Converters (CC), Selective Catalytic Reducers (SCR), Diesel Oxidation Catalysts (DOC), and Diesel Particulate Filters (DPF). The objective of this investigation is to characterize and simulate the acoustic performance of different types of filters so that maximum benefit can be achieved. A number of after treatment device configurations for trucks were selected and investigated.
Finally, addressing the muffler design constraints, i.e., concerning space and pressure drop, a muffler optimization problem is formulated achieving the optimum muffler design through calculating the acoustic properties using an optimization technique. A shape optimization approach is presented for different muffler configurations, and the acoustic results are compared against optimum designs from the literature obtained using different optimization methods as well as design targets.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. , iv, 18 p.
Trita-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2012:31
Exhaust systems, noise, pressure drop, 1D models, perforated mufflers, after treatment devices, optimization
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-103595OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-103595DiVA: diva2:560822
2012-10-14, Faculty of Engineering, Ain Shams university, Kairo, Egypt, 09:15 (English)
Kirby, Ray, Dr.
Åbom, Mats, Professor
FunderTrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives
QC 201210162012-10-162012-10-162013-04-11Bibliographically approved
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