Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE credits
India is a country with progressing technical and economical development, but the
development is not evenly distributed. Farmers in the Indian rural areas are struggling.
There are worries that climate changes could have a negative impact on agriculture.
This study was performed in Kancheepuram with support from the non-governmental
organization Hand in Hand.
The aims of this study were to analyze effects on agriculture due to watershed
management in a village and to describe the crop patterns in a village and compare the
yield with a village without watershed management.
Data was collected by interviewing farmers in the villages Arapedu and Tenpakkam. In
Arapedu watershed management was applied and in Tenpakkam it was not. Data
collected by Hand in Hand on precipitation, village records, well inventory and maps
The water level in the wells increased in most wells between 2007 and 2008, but due to
short data series it was not possible to affirm if this was due to the watershed
management or increased rainfall in the early months of 2008 compared to 2007. No
evidence of change in precipitation in the area was observed. Only precipitation data
was analyzed since other climate data was absent. Hand in Hand was working within a
broad spectrum in the village. Apart from the watershed project they are working with
empowerment of women´s situation, self-help groups, microfinance and against child
This study period was too short to confirm effects of watershed management. However
this study can be used as a baseline study for future evaluations.
Key words: Rainwater harvesting, watershed management, Tamil Nadu
2012. , 54 p.